At the time of the battle of Dien Bien Phu, any legionnaire of that age group was at the worst, in his "Hitler Youth" shorts when the [Third] Reich collapsed. The Foreign Legion accepts people enlisting under a nationality that is not their own. A proportion of the Swiss and Belgians are actually likely to be Frenchmen who wish to avoid detection. In the Commonwealth Realms, its collective provisions provide for nationals to commute between armies in training or other purposes.
Moreover, this 'blanket provision' between member-states cannot exclude others for it would seem inappropriate to single out individual countries, that is, France in relation to the Legion. For example, Australia and New Zealand may allow post-Legion enlistment providing the national has commonwealth citizenship.
Britain allows post-Legion enlistment. Canada allows post-Legion enlistment in its ranks with a completed five-year contract. In the European Union framework, post Legion enlistment is less clear. Denmark, Norway, Germany and Portugal allow post-Legion enlistment while The Netherlands has constitutional articles that forbid it. The European Union twin threads seem to be recognized dual nationality status or restricting constitutional article.
One of the biggest national groups in the Legion are Poles. Polish law allows service in a foreign army, but only after written permission from the Ministry of National Defence. The Ever Victorious Army was the name given to a Chinese imperial army in the late 19th century. Commanded by Frederick Townsend Ward , the new force originally comprised about mostly European mercenaries, recruited in the Shanghai area from sailors, deserters and adventurers. Many were dismissed in the summer of , but the remainder became the officers of the Chinese soldiers recruited mainly in and around Sungkiang Songjiang.
The Chinese troops were increased to 3, by May , all equipped with Western firearms and equipment by the British authorities in Shanghai. Throughout its four-year existence the Ever Victorious Army was mainly to operate within a thirty-mile radius of Shanghai. It was disbanded in May with foreign officers and 2, Chinese soldiers being paid off. The bulk of the artillery and some infantry transferred to the Chinese Imperial forces.
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It was the first Chinese army trained in European techniques, tactics, and strategy. The term originates with the approximately 4, both Jewish and non-Jewish volunteers who went to Israel to fight in the Arab—Israeli War including Aliyah Bet. Today, there is a program, Garin Tzabar , within the Israeli Ministry of Defense that administers the enlistment of non-Israeli citizens in the country's armed forces.
Programs enable foreigners to join the Israel Defense Forces if they are of Jewish descent which is defined as at least one grandparent. It stopped being an army of foreigners around when recruitment was restricted to Dutch citizens and to the indigenous peoples of the Dutch East Indies.
The KNIL was finally disbanded on 26 July , seven months after the Netherlands formally recognised Indonesia as a sovereign state, and almost five years after Indonesia declared its independence. During the Rhodesian Bush War of the s and s, the Rhodesian Security Forces enlisted volunteers from overseas on the same pay and conditions of service as locally based regulars. And like the Foreign Legion, once in the ranks, a man's past was irrelevant.
Many of them were professional soldiers, attracted by the regiment's reputation—mostly former British soldiers , or Vietnam veterans from the United States , Australian and New Zealand forces—and these became a key part of the unit. After the Rhodesians' overseas recruiting campaign for English-speakers, started in , proved successful, they began recruiting French-speakers as well, in These francophone recruits were placed in their own unit, 7 Independent Company , Rhodesia Regiment , which was commanded by French-speaking officers and operated entirely in French.
The experiment was not generally considered a success by the Rhodesian commanders, however, and the company was disbanded in early In the service conditions of the Russian Military have been changed. The actual term "Russian Foreign Legion" is a colloquial expression without any official recognition. Under the plan, foreigners without dual citizenship are able to sign up for five-year contracts and will be eligible for Russian citizenship after serving three years.
Experts say the change opens the way for Commonwealth of Independent States citizens to get fast-track Russian citizenship, and counter the effects of Russia's demographic crisis on its army recruitment. The Spanish Foreign Legion was created in , in emulation of the French one, and had a significant role in Spain's colonial wars in Morocco and in the Spanish Civil War on the Nationalist side. It is now called the Spanish Legion and only recruits Spanish nationals.
French Foreign Legion
Beyond its reputation as an elite unit often engaged in serious fighting, the recruitment practices of the French Foreign Legion have also led to a somewhat romanticised view of it being a place for disgraced or "wronged" men looking to leave behind their old lives and start new ones. This view of the legion is common in literature, and has been used for dramatic effect in many films, not the least of which are the several versions of Beau Geste.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about a French military unit. For other uses, see French Foreign Legion disambiguation. For other uses, see Legionnaire disambiguation. The Foreign Legion's grenade emblem and colours. Metropolitan France :. Main article: Origins of the French Foreign Legion. Main article: Crimean War. Main article: Second Italian War of Independence. Main article: Second Franco-Dahomean War.
Main article: Second Madagascar expedition. Main article: Mandingo Wars. Main article: Alsace-Lorraine. Main article: Foreign Legion Command. Main article: List of French paratrooper units. Previously, Major had been an independent rank positioned between NCOs and commissioned officers. It is an executive position within a regiment or demi-brigade having responsibility for administrative and disciplinary issues. Further information: Modern equipment and uniform of the French Army. French Foreign Legion headquarters in Aubagne.
Main article: French Foreign Legion in popular culture. Military history of France portal War portal France portal.
Foreign Legion Info. Legion Etrangere in French. The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved on 4 April CQ Press. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 9 March Military History Online. Retrieved 26 February Curtin 28 May Cambridge University Press. E , Editorial of C. And I to my pledged word am true, I shall not fail that rendezvous. San Jose: R.
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James Bender. HarperCollins Canada, Limited. The companies could be described as Motorized Saharan Companies of the Legion; however their strict French limitation to motorized only in terms of translation and function would be incorrect as they should be referred to as "Mounted" which would apply for both Motorized or mounting other means. Legion of the Lost.
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NBC Nightly News. Retrieved 7 December He's one of 27 nationalities here with the French Foreign Legion. In the context word in reference, the use of "Anciens" plural form, singular form being "Ancien" is referring to that which is old and senior. Retrieved 4 April Retrieved 14 January Retrieved 15 July Uniforms of the French Foreign Legion — Read online at archive.
French Army French Foreign Legion The Independent. Lepage 28 January Fall Stackpole Books. Archived from the original on 22 November Barnsley: Pen and Sword Books. Modern African Wars: Rhodesia, — Oxford: Osprey Publishing. Micheletti, Eric ed. Paris: Histoire et Collections 16 : 16— Paris: Histoire et Collections 17 : 28— The Moscow News. Archived from the original on 5 April Retrieved 17 July MR Tony Geraghty Evan McGorman 1 January Hellgate Press. Douglas Porch Harper Perennial. French Foreign Legion. Categories : French Foreign Legion Military units and formations established in establishments in France.
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Circa 8, men in 11 regiments and one sub-unit as of January . Le Boudin . Major General Denis Mistral . Reception, information, and terms of contract. Confirmation of motivation, initial medical check-up, finalising enlistment papers and signing of 5-year service contract. Psychological and personality tests, logic tests no education requirements , medical exam, physical condition tests, motivation and security interviews.
Confirmation or denial of selection. Signing and handing-over of the five-year service contract. Incorporation into the Foreign Legion as a trainee. Each legionnaire is your brother in arms whatever his nationality, his race or his religion might be. You show him the same close solidarity that links the members of the same family. Respect for traditions, devotion to your leaders, discipline and comradeship are your strengths, courage and loyalty your virtues.
Proud of your status as legionnaire, you display this in your always impeccable uniform, your always dignified but modest behaviour, and your clean living quarters. Quick links. Description This page contains the stable versions of the French language packs compatible with the stable versions of the phpBB forum software to fully localise the board interface into French. Validation time: May 02, pm Downloads: French 3. Validation time: Dec 25, pm Downloads: Validation time: Nov 18, pm Downloads: Validation time: Sep 15, am Downloads: Validation time: Jan 09, pm Downloads: Validation time: Jul 17, pm Downloads: French 2.
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