Deterred by the acrimonious relationships of Friends after the split, their loss of influence as a dominant political force in Pennsylvania, and the numerical insignificance of Friends, historians have ignored the response of Hicksite and Orthodox alike to the problems of industrialism, urbanization, and immigration. Now we will have no sufficient excuse for bypassing this period, for Philip Benjamin has provided a well written and extensively researched account of Philadelphia Friends.
Philadelphia Quakerism was in numerical decline most of the late nineteenth century with a similar percentage of loss for Hicksites, who were easing the discipline, and Orthodox who were not. Reformers identified the causes for decline with disownment for marriage out of unity, plain dress and speech, and distrust or hostility towards the arts. All of these badges of differences between Friends and the world's people had been repudiated by A main feature of the period was the growing similarity of both branches.
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It becomes clear, that the reunification of Hicksite and Orthodox in this century was made possible because both branches resembled each other more than either cared to admit. Differences in wealth, urban orientation , and sophistication so prominent in the 's Were' greatly muted by the 's. Both groups ignored the masses of immigrants, looked upon outsiders as people to be benevolent towards but not Access options available:. Project MUSE promotes the creation and dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide.
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Uncategorized – Page 2 – Redland Quaker Meeting
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