The beginning of the nineteenth century saw Gothic horror being parodied by authors like Jane Austen , but there were still straight examples provided by authors such as Lord Byron and Mary Shelley. There were a few more notable Gothic authors in the early 20th century, but by the s or so the genre had given way to modern Horror. Lovecraft explicitly listing several masters of Gothic Horror as major influences.
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Where Gothic Horror drew upon classical mythology and legend to provide its nightmares, however, Cosmic Horror looked to the modern world itself, and pondered what would happen as man shone a light upon the last refuges of the creatures who once haunted the empty countryside now becoming suburbs, and reached beyond the limits of what he was meant to know. Perhaps Here There Be Dragons , after all? Universal and Hammer Films are responsible for successfully adapting this genre onto the big screen. See also Lovecraft's essay Supernatural Horror in Literature.
Community Showcase More. Follow TV Tropes. You need to login to do this. Get Known if you don't have an account. Eighteenth Century. Horace Walpole Also gave us Haunted Castle. Eliza Parsons Better known for her novel The Castle Of Wolfenbach William Beckford Author of Vathek and started the subgenre of Orientalist Gothic, frightening because set beyond "civilised" Europe altogether.
Ann Radcliffe Notably replaced real supernatural events with the "Scooby-Doo" Hoax. Regina Maria Roche But she is best remembered for the moodier Clermont Carl Friedrich Kahlert , alias Ludwig Flammenberg. The work was written in German and translated into English.
by George Orwell
The translator Peter Teuthold considerably revised the text and even added a chapter of his own. The Teuthold version is still the best known form of the work. Carl Grosse alias Marquis de Grosse. Eleanor Sleath Married name of Eleanor Carter. Better known for her novel The Orphan of the Rhine Francis Lathom His better known work in the genre was The Midnight Bell Matthew Gregory Lewis Pre-Victorian Nineteenth Century.
The eponymous Sinner supposedly makes a Deal with the Devil , but it is never clear if this is true or all in his head. Also makes chilling use of Psychological Horror and "Rashomon"-Style. Hoffmann The most important German author of Gothic fiction.
His novel The Devils Elixirs is a classic of the genre. His best known work, however, is the short story The Nutcracker Charles Robert Maturin Author of Melmoth the Wanderer , a notable use of the Nested Story style to tell a complex tale. Washington Irving : Author of numerous classic tales of terror. Eaton Stannard Barrett Wrote The Heroine , a notable parody of the genre. Particularly of the Changeling Fantasy plots which had been used by several gothic novels.
Barrett's "heroine", Cherry Wilkinson, is a farmer's daughter and an avid reader of gothic novels. She convinces herself that she is heiress Cherubina de Willoughby and embarks on a series of quixotic misadventures. Lord Byron His Byronic Hero was a major contribution to Gothic fiction. The type was introduced in the narrative poem Childe Harolds Pilgrimage His poem The Giaour is one of the earliest depictions of vampires in fiction.
The satiric poem Don Juan is not part of the genre, however.
John William Polidori He wrote the first vampire novel, The Vampyre Mary Shelley Her novel Frankenstein gave us Frankenstein's Monster. She is also considered the first Science Fiction writer.
Supernatural Horror in Literature/The Early Gothic Novel - Wikisource, the free online library
Nikolai Gogol He had an actual interest in the occult and the paranormal. He incorporated elements of his study in various tales, most notably Zanoni His most enduring work is probably The Coming Race , combining elements of occultism, gothic horror, and science fiction. Marie Corelli had this in some of her novels, notably Wormwood and Vendetta. Edgar Allan Poe One of the most important writers of Gothic fiction; wrote the first Great Detective Mystery. He revisited classic gothic themes in the short stories " The Fall of the House of Usher " , and " The Pit and the Pendulum " , among many other classics of the genre.
His best known Gothic poem is probably The Raven Charles Dickens He gave us Victorian London or at least the Hollywood version of it. He tended to use old Gothic tropes in new ways. Such as secret heirs to prominent families " Oliver Twist ", , and wicked uncles plotting or performing murder The Mystery of Edwin Drood , All in an urban environment and graphically depicting the life of the low classes.
Sheridan Le Fanu Better known as the author of Carmilla Gave us the Occult Detective and Lesbian Vampires. George W. Reynolds He wrote the serial novels The Mysteries Of London c. He was a pioneer of the " urban mysteries " style of gothic horror. Tales changing the story setting from the haunted castles of the past to the great metropolis of the Industrial Revolution.
He luridly depicted the poverty, crime, and violence of London life. Helped pave the way for the Friendly Neighborhood Vampire with the title character of Varney the Vampire , which is also the Trope Codifier for many commonly used vampire tropes such as fangs, two-hole puncture wounds, and Super Strength , among others. Gave us the Madwoman in the Attic in Jane Eyre Author of Wuthering Heights Wilkie Collins Author of The Woman in White Mary E Braddon Writer of sensation novels, which took on Gothic tropes like secret marriages and madwomen but generally left out supernatural elements.
Author of Lady Audley's Secret , one of the first mystery novels, and a possible forerunner to the Film Noir genre. Louisa May Alcott Barnard, and one called A Long Fatal Love Chase that everyone in her own lifetime found too scandalous to publish. The latter was written in and first published in George Du Maurier Also the grandfather of Daphne du Maurier, author of Rebecca. Ouida had Gothic elements in many of her stories. She even had some tales with zombies. Ambrose Bierce ? Another precursor to the Cosmic Horror Story. The mysterious disappearance of this author has also inspired younger storytellers.
Henry James Author of The Turn of the Screw Dispatched from the UK in 3 business days When will my order arrive? Friedrich Karl Kahlert. Eliza Parsons. George Brewer. Ernest George Henham. Edward Montague. Mary Anne Radcliffe. Francis Lathom. Mrs Smith.
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- Authors who wrote partially or entirely in the Gothic fiction genre include:!
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Bestselling Series. Harry Potter. Popular Features. New Releases. Manfrone; Or, the One-Handed Monk. Description Manfrone; or, The One-Handed Monk opens with one of the most unforgettable scenes in all of Gothic literature when a lascivious monk enters the lovely Rosalina's room in an attempt to rape her, but suffers the gruesome severing of his hand when he is caught in the act.
Yet other dangers await Rosalina: her father, the haughty Duca di Rodolpho is determined to marry her to the cruel Prince di Manfrone and imprisons her true love, Montalto, in the dungeons of his castle. And then there is the mysterious monk Grimaldi, who seems to be an ally of the Duca. What are his inscrutable plans, and is he trying to aid Rosalina or destroy her?