A second, more sinister variation, is when the scammer will advise the victim they have been hired for a job and request access to bank accounts and routing numbers in order to enter the "new hire" into the company's payroll system. This may also involve e-mails containing fake tax forms attempting to gain the victim's social security number and other personally identifiable information. If the victim complies, their bank account will be emptied and their personal information used to commit identity theft.
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In this scam, tens of thousands of solicitations in the guise of an invoice are mailed to businesses nationwide. They may contain a disclaimer such as "This is a solicitation for the order of goods or services, or both, and not a bill, invoice, or statement of account due. You are under no obligation to make any payments on account of this offer unless you accept this offer. The correspondence is formatted like an invoice, often with a sequential identification number, date, personalized description of the information to be published, payment details and total amount due which includes a token discount if paid within a specified time period.
One variant sends a "Final Notice of Domain Listing" from an entity calling itself "Domain Services", which claims "Failure to complete your Domain name search engine registration by the expiration date may result in cancellation of this offer making it difficult for your customers to locate you on the web. The "registration" actually offers nothing beyond a vague claim that the entity sending the solicitation will submit the victim's domain name to existing search engines for an inflated fee. It does not obligate the vendor to publish a directory, renew the underlying domain in any ICANN-based registry or deliver any tangible product.
A similar scheme uses solicitations which appear to be invoices for local yellow pages listings or advertisements. As anyone can publish a yellow page directory, the promoted book is not the incumbent local exchange carrier 's local printed directory but a rival, which may have limited distribution if it appears at all. Public records listing legal owners of new registered trademarks are also mined as a source of addresses for fraudulent directory solicitations.
The intent is that a small fractional percentage of businesses either mistake the solicitations for invoices paying them or mistake them for a request for corrections and updates to an existing listing a tactic to obtain a businessperson's signature on the document, which serves as a pretext to bill the victim. Updating is free of charge.
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In this scam, the confidence artist poses as a retail sales promoter, representing a manufacturer, distributor, or set of stores. The scam requires assistants to manage the purchases and money exchanges while the pitchman keeps the energy level up. Passersby are enticed to gather and listen to a pitchman standing near a mass of appealing products. The trickster entices by referring to the high-end products, but claims to be following rules that he must start with smaller items. The small items are described, and 'sold' for a token dollar amount — with as many audience participants as are interested each receiving an item.
The pitchman makes an emotional appeal such as saying "Raise your hand if you're happy with your purchase", and when hands are raised, directs his associates to return everyone's money they keep the product. This exchange is repeated with items of increasing value to establish the expectation of a pattern. Eventually, the pattern terminates by ending the 'auction' without reaching the high-value items, and stopping midway through a phase where the trickster retains the collected money from that round of purchases.
Marks feel vaguely dissatisfied, but have goods in their possession, and the uplifting feeling of having demonstrated their own happiness several times. The marks do not realize that the total value of goods received is significantly less than the price paid in the final round. The Jam Auction has its roots in carny culture. This scam occurs when exchanging foreign currency. If a large amount of cash is exchanged the victim will be told to hide the money away quickly before counting it "You can't trust the locals".
A substantial amount will be missing. In some cases, insisting on counting to make sure the money is all there is the basis for a clever scam. The scam is sometimes called the Santo Domingo Sting, after an incident that took place there, reported by a journalist, Joe Harkins, who reported his involvement, in the early s. It also requires a greedy tourist who wants to beat the official rate by dealing with illegal money changers. A person posing as an illegal money changer will approach the tourist with an offer to buy dollars at an illegal rate that may be even higher than the street rate.
The changer offers to buy only large US currency, typically, a dollar bill. I'll wait while you make sure. Count it out loud so there is no mistake. He grabs his money back, pushes the mark's bill back into his hands and takes back the pesos.
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The scam has been completed. There is a fraudulent confidence trick a form of advance-fee scam perpetrated on people in several countries who wish to be mystery shoppers. A person is sent a money order , often from Western Union ,  or cheque for a larger sum than a mystery purchase he is required to make, with a request to deposit it into his bank account , use a portion for a mystery purchase and fee, and wire the remainder through a wire transfer company such as Western Union or MoneyGram; the money is to be wired immediately as response time is being evaluated.
The cheque is fraudulent, and is returned unpaid by the victim's bank, after the money has been wired. Valid mystery shopping companies do not normally send their clients cheques prior to work being completed, and their advertisements usually include a contact person and phone number. Some fraudulent cheques can be identified by a financial professional. In any case, it is unlikely that any bona-fide provider would allocate a high-value assignment to a new shopper or proactively recruit new ones for that purpose, preferring instead to work with a pool of existing pre-vetted experienced shoppers.
The pigeon drop , which is depicted early in the film The Sting , involves the mark or pigeon assisting an elderly, weak or infirm stranger to keep a large sum of money safe for him.
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In the process, the stranger actually a confidence trickster puts his money with the mark's money in an envelope or briefcase, with which the mark is then to be entrusted. The container is first switched for an identical one which contains no money, and a situation is engineered giving the mark the opportunity to escape, with the money, from a perceived threat e. If the mark does so, he is fleeing from his own money, which the con artist will have kept or handed off to an accomplice. A number of predatory journals target academics to solicit manuscripts for publication.
The journals charge high publication fees but do not perform the functions of legitimate academic journals—editorial oversight and peer review—they simply publish the work for cash. In this case, the mark's need for publications is the incentive for them to pay the fees. In some cases, predatory journals will use fictional editorial boards or use respected academics' names without permission to lend a veneer of credibility to the journal. A curated database of predatory journals can be found at "Scholarly Open Access". The victim is sent a document which looks, on its face, to be a coupon or a cheque for some small amount as "prize winnings".
Psychic surgery is a con game in which the trickster uses sleight of hand to apparently remove malignant growths from the mark's body. A common form of medical fraud in underdeveloped countries , it imperils victims who may fail to seek competent medical attention. The movie Man on the Moon depicts comedian Andy Kaufman undergoing psychic surgery. It can also be seen in an episode of Jonathan Creek. Rainmaking is a simple scam in which the trickster promises to use their power or influence over a complex system to make it do something favourable for the mark.
Classically this was promising to make it rain,  but more modern examples include getting someone's app 'featured' on an app store , obtaining pass marks in a university entrance exam, obtaining a job, or a politician implying that they can use their influence to get a contract awarded to the mark. The trickster has no actual influence on the outcome, but if the favourable outcome happens anyway they will then claim credit.
If the event doesn't happen of course then the trickster may be able to claim that they need more money until it finally does. A recovery room scam is a form of advance-fee fraud where the scammer sometimes posing as a law enforcement officer or attorney calls investors who have been sold worthless shares for example in a boiler-room scam , and offers to buy them, to allow the investors to recover their investments. The scam involves requiring an advance fee before the payment can take place, for example a "court fee". The red flag in the 'recovery scam' is that the supposed investigative agency, unsolicited, approaches the victim.
The recovery scam has the victim's number only because it is operated by an accomplice of the original scammer, using a "sucker list" from the earlier fraud. An apartment is listed for rent, often on an online forum such as Craigslist or Kijiji , at or just below market value. The vendor asks for first and last month's rent up front, sometimes also asking for references or personal information from the prospective tenants.
The rent payment clears the bank, the new tenants arrive with a truckload of worldly possessions on moving day to find that the same unit has been rented to multiple other new tenants and that the supposed "landlord" is not the owner of the property and is nowhere to be found. The Rip Deal is a swindle very popular in Europe and is essentially a pigeon drop confidence trick. In a typical variation scammers will target, say, a jeweler, and offer to buy some substantial amount of his wares at a large markup provided he perform some type of under-the-table cash deal, originally exchanging Swiss francs for euros.
This exchange goes through flawlessly, at considerable profit for the mark. Some time later the scammers approach the mark with a similar proposition, but for a larger amount of money and thus a larger return for the mark. His confidence and greed inspired by the previous deal, the merchant agrees—only to have his money and goods taken, by sleight-of-hand or violence, at the point of exchange. The same term is used to describe a crime where a vendor especially a drug dealer is killed to avoid paying for goods.
Various schemes exist to bill victims for unsolicited goods or services. Often, the call will be misrepresented as a "survey" or a "prize" award. When the business objects, the workers are threatened with lawsuits or harassed by bogus collection agencies. Another, targeting the elderly, claims a free medical alert device has been ordered for a patient by a family member or medical doctor.
An automated message says "that someone has ordered a free medical alert system for you, and this call is to confirm shipping instructions" before the call is transferred to a live operator who requests the elderly patient's credit card and identity card numbers. The device is not free; there is a high monthly charge for "monitoring". The family didn't buy or order it, nor did a practitioner; the call is fraudulent.
Wedding planner scams prey on the vulnerability of young couples, during a time when they are most distracted and trusting, to embezzle funds for the planner's personal use. In the first type of fraud, the wedding planner company may offer a free wedding in a tie-up with a media station for a couple in need of charity, and collect the donations from the public that were meant for the wedding.
In a second type of fraud, the planner asks couples to write checks to vendors tents, food, cakes but leave the name field empty, which the planner promises to fill in. As most vendors were never hired nor paid, the scam would then be exposed on the day of the wedding.
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A real life example is a Kansas TV station story of a wedding planner, Caitlin Hershberger Theis, who scammed three couples through her wedding planner consultancy, Live, Love and be Married using these two schemes. The blessing scam targets elderly Chinese immigrant women, convincing them that an evil spirit threatens their family and that this threat can be removed by a blessing ceremony involving a bag filled with their savings, jewelry or other valuables.
During the ceremony, the con artists switch the bag of valuables with an identical bag with valueless contents and make off with the victim's cash or jewelry. This scam is perpetrated through the phone where the caller threatens the victim with a fictitious arrest warrant. To make this threat seem real, the caller ID identifies the caller as that of the local sheriff. Victims are told they must pay a fine to avoid arrest. Fines are in the hundreds, sometimes thousands, of dollars. The payment is requested through Western Union , Green Dot prepaid card , or similar form of untraceable currency exchange.
Cases have been reported in Florida , Georgia , Kansas and Oregon. In this scam, the artists pose as ticket control staff on public transport connections. They tend to look for tourists as easy marks, and therefore target train connections from the airport. They will ask to see the passenger's tickets, and once they have found a suitable mark, will claim that something is wrong with the ticket they hold. They will then claim that an instant payment is required to avoid further legal troubles.
In some cases, this scam is even committed by actual public transport staff seeking to rip off tourists. The dropped wallet scam usually targets tourists. The con artist pretends to accidentally drop his wallet in a public place. After an unsuspecting victim picks up the wallet and offers it to the con artist, the scam begins. The artist accuses the victim of stealing money from the wallet and threatens to call the police, scaring the victim into returning the allegedly stolen money. Cases have been reported in eastern Europe and major cities or railway stations in China.
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Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. January Learn how and when to remove this template message. See also: Reloading scam. From Paris to Alcatraz: The true, untold story of one of the most notorious con-artists of the twentieth century - Count Victor Lustig. Xlibris Corporation. Retrieved CBC News.
Zellner, William M. City of Azusa 39 Cal. Press Release. Westchester County District Attorney. November 8, Retrieved 10 November The Wall Street Journal. The New York Times. Wired News. Retrieved December 28, Archived from the original on February 5, XVI 8. Aug 25, Baltimore Sun. New York Post. BBC News. Retrieved 31 May Archived from the original on US Federal Trade Commission. US FTC. Attorney General of Colorado. Global Legal Post. Guardian UK. NY Times. US Federal Bureau of Investigation. US Department of Justice. Retrieved 25 August The Guardian. Retrieved July 5, New York: Farrar, Straus Giroux.
March 16, BBC One. British Broadcasting Corporation. Sanford and Son. It also would have an open driveline and no modulator. The is the only PG transmission that has three 3.
Both the extension and the bracket are difficult to find! The Corvette extension contained bosses on the left-hand side that were drilled and tapped for mounting the transmission's floor-shifter. Chevrolet passenger car Powerglides were all controlled by a steering column mounted shifter, and their extensions did not use the mounting bosses. It should be noted, however, that by the 's the Powerglide extension service replacement part available from your local dealer the one you'd buy for a Bel Air was, in fact, the Corvette extension containing the cast-in bosses.
So there exists the possibility that somewhere out there is a repaired passenger car Powerglide to be found that contains the unique Corvette extension. There is a slight difference that occurred with this early Corvette Powerglide extension. One version was used for through ; the other version for only, which by calendar became the only service replacement part for all through Corvette applications.
Therefore, we know that they will interchange. The difference is in the speedometer drive gear adapter fitting that attaches to the extension housing. Both extensions will work on any Corvette, but you need to make certain that you also use the correct length speedometer drive fitting with the corresponding extension. Both of these fittings were also used on various passenger car and truck Powerglides, so you'll need to consult a or parts book, and a junk yard, to secure what you need.
Another obvious difference is that the automatic transmission fluid filler tube and dipstick are longer on the Corvette Powerglide, than on the passenger car. The shift patterns are shown, as they would appear on the floor console transmission indicator plate. The initial version used in early had detents at the Park and Reverse positions; while the second version used on later through early- added a third detent for the Neutral position.
A third version began in mid, and extended through It used three detents. The fourth pattern was used for , and is what became known as standard on Powerglide equipped cars. This new pattern was just the opposite of the previous pattern, and its sequence ran front to back Park, Reverse, Neutral, Drive, and Low. Retrieved July 18, June 30, February 14, Retrieved February 18, Brooklyn : Haiti Progres. Archived from the original on December 27, New York Lawyer. ALM Properties, Inc. June 16, Archived from the original on June 16, May 24, Retrieved May 23, — via LA Times.
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February 6, Philippine Daily Inquirer. Makati City , Philippines. Archived from the original on February 20, Retrieved December 7, Archived from the original on May 22, July 18, Retrieved July 12, Thomson Reuters. Retrieved December 10, Retrieved October 11, December 13, Retrieved May 8, January 27, Retrieved January 20, Yahoo News. Archived from the original on February 28, Retrieved February 25, Barrington Broadcasting. March 13, Archived from the original on July 23, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania : Federal Bureau of Investigation.
April 1, Archived from the original on May 28, Retrieved May 5, The Denver Post. Boulder Daily Camera. MediaNews Group. Financial Mail. November 16, February 28, August 5,