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Statistical Yearbook of Bangladesh. Statistics Division, Ministry of Planning, Dhaka, p. Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee Bangladesh Rural Development Board Bardhan, P.
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Contribution of NGOs for Socio-Economic Development in Bangladesh :: Science Publishing Group
Kabir and A. Ali Sabri Fox, J. The political construction of social capital in rural Mexico,' World Development 24 6 , Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh Recognizing the need for development for alleviating endemic poverty in the country, NGOsbegan to shift their emphasis from relief to socio-economic development and to pursue —initiallyrather haphazardly Programs aiming at health care, family planning, income generation and selfreliance for the disadvantaged and the poor.
As poverty continued to deepen and encompass everlarger numbers of people, more foreign NGOs came to work in this country and at the same time,the members of local NGOs grew fast. Definition of NGO: Generally speaking, the terminology may be used to include any institution or organizationoutside the Government, and as such, may include political parties, private and commercialenterprises, social and cultural organizations, academic and research institutions, youth andsports clubs, and similar other organizations. In fact the terminology covers all thoseorganizations outside the government, which are involved in various development and welfareactivities with the objective of alleviating poverty of the rural as well as urban poor.
They functionoutside the government framework but they are bound by and work within the laws of the land. They are variously involved in multi-sectoral development projects combined with researchwelfare services, human capability development through educational training, technologydevelopment m exchange of information and social communication.
Their broad objective ispoverty alleviation and their target groups are primarily the poor and the disadvantaged. Donor Agencies: These comprise international NGOs dispensing funds they raise or receive from theirgovernments to various NGOs- national and expatriate-engaged in social, economic anddevelopment activities. Apart from providing funds to the local and national NGOs, some ofthem implement projects directly.
International Action NGOs: Such NGOS are those expatriate organizations who operate on various geographic andsectoral areas with areas with operating funds obtained from foreign donors.
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Some of theseNGOs are also acting as co-financing agents of their respective governments. Some of them have earned reputation aseffective organizations helping the poor and the disadvantaged through health activities,educational and training programmes, and income generating activities. Local Action NGOs: There are organizations operating in local areas covering single or few villages, and areengaged in traditionally specialized activities in the locality.
Generally, they work i the field of medicalservice, education and family programme. Starting with their relief andrehabilitation role after independence in NGOs have vastly expanded their programs andproved to become effective change agents in the society.
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The NGOs are mostly involved indesign and implementation of direct action oriented projects at the grassroots level, oftencombined with research, training, and other components. Their target population is the poor. Despite variation in perception of the problems and resolution trust of the programmers.
Journey of NGOs in Bangladesh
TheNGOs mostly follow the target group strategies where the poor with similar socio-economicinterest are organized into groups to achieve their objectives. The NGOs have able to bring a positive change in the lives of poor largely following aprocess by which members of a society can develop themselves and their institutions in such wayso that they can enhance their ability to mobilize and arrange resources to produce sustainablelife. Below arethe notable examples of NGOs innovation that have been tried, tested, and replicated.
A group based ortarget group mobilization strategy to serves to fulfill not only the goal of economic improvementbut also that of social and institutional development. The model pioneered by Grameen Bank has established micro-creditas the most widely replicated anti- poverty program. A number of NGOs have organized land less group also whom collectively leased Khaslands and dry riverbeds.
Some NGOs organize and mobilize fishing communities to protect thefish released into open water. Others promote production of seedling in village-based nurseries toprotect-sal a local, self regenerating tree forest.
Role of NGOs in rural poverty eradication: A Bangladesh observation
Grameen Bank was establishing in BRACestablishes in and changed its development strategy and concentrated fully on thedevelopment of the land less. BRAC is entirely dependent on external donor agencies for financing its projects for source offund. From to , it received grants and donations of Tk. It follows the publication in of Working Paper No.
The other three, also to be published contemporaneously with this paper, are studies of India, Uganda and Zimbabwe. Evaluating the impact of non-governmental organisations NGOs in rural and poverty alleviation: Bangladesh country study. Working and discussion papers October Sarah C.