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The couple lived in relative affluence in a two-story house in Brookfield; [2] the Spooners had their first child on April 8, , [1] and three more followed between In the spring of year-old Ezra Ross, a soldier in the Continental Army , fell ill en route to his home in Linebrook, a village in Ipswich, Massachusetts.

Brookfield Woman Put to Death

Bathsheba nursed him back to health. On his travels to and from army service, he visited the Spooner home in July and December Williams Brooks and Sgt. James Buchanan—to stay at the Spooner home and discussed ideas for killing her husband with them; when Joshua Spooner returned home, she recruited them to assist her. She also wrote to Ross to inform him of these developments, and he returned to Brookfield on February 28; [5] when Spooner returned home from a local tavern the following evening, Brooks committed the murder and Buchanan and Ross helped hide the body in the Spooners' well.

Bathsheba distributed paper money from her husband's lockbox and articles of his clothing to the three men, who then took one of the Spooner horses to Worcester, 14 miles away. Brooks and Buchanan spent the remainder of the night drinking, and the next morning Brooks showed off Joshua Spooner's silver shoe buckles engraved with his initials. Once the murder was discovered, the three men were arrested in Worcester within 24 hours; [4] [7] when Ross was discovered hiding in the attic of a tavern, he asked for a confessor.

This was the first capital case in the United States. At the trial on April 24, , the household servants testified for the prosecution. Levi Lincoln , later U. Attorney General under Jefferson , defended the accused. Brooks and Buchanan had no defense to offer, having signed lengthy confessions. Though Ross had signed a similar confession, Lincoln argued that he had no intention of harming the deceased, was not aware of the plan until a few hours before the murder, had not assisted in the murder and pretended to support it to maintain his affair with Bathsheba, he argued that Bathsheba Spooner had a "disordered mind," that her actions were irrational as evidenced by the lack of a getaway plan.

All were found guilty the next day and sentenced to death, with the executions set for June 4, Thaddeus Maccarty, protested the report, four of the examiners joined by another midwife and Spooner's brother-in-law, Dr. John Green, conducted a second examination and supported the claim of pregnancy; [7] the court did not accept those findings and Bathsheba Spooner was hanged alongside Ross, Brooks and Buchanan on July 2 in Worcester's Washington Square before a crowd of spectators.

Her body was claimed by her sister, Mary Ruggles Green, wife of Dr.

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Shortly after the executions, on July 5, Rev. Ebenezer Parkman, the minister of the nearby town of Westborough , delivered a sermon entitled The Adultress Shall Hunt for the Precious Life in which he said: [10]. So keep thee from the Evil woman, from the flattery of the tongue of a strange woman. Neither let her take thee with her eyelids. One historian says the judgment of the first panel that examined Spooner—"they refused to acknowledge what must have been obvious"—and blames "vindictiveness".

Prisoner of war A prisoner of war is a person, whether a combatant or a non-combatant , held in custody by a belligerent power during or after an armed conflict. The earliest recorded usage of the phrase "prisoner of war" dates back to Belligerents hold prisoners of war in custody for a range of legitimate and illegitimate reasons, such as isolating them from enemy combatants still in the field, demonstrating military victory, punishing them, prosecuting them for war crimes, exploiting them for their labour, recruiting or conscripting them as their own combatants, collecting military and political intelligence from them, or indoctrinating them in new political or religious beliefs.

For most of human history, depending on the culture of the victors, enemy combatants on the losing side in a battle who had surrendered and been taken as a prisoner of war could expect to be either slaughtered or enslaved; the first Roman gladiators were prisoners of war and were named according to their ethnic roots such as Samnite and the Gaul. Homer's Iliad describes Greek and Trojan soldiers offering rewards of wealth to opposing forces who have defeated them on the battlefield in exchange for mercy, but their offers are not always accepted. Little distinction was made between enemy combatants and enemy civilians, although women and children were more to be spared.

Sometimes, the purpose of a battle, if not a war, was to capture a practice known as raptio. Women had no rights, were held as chattel.

A Traitor and Adulterer in Colonial Central Massachusetts

In the fourth century AD, Bishop Acacius of Amida , touched by the plight of Persian prisoners captured in a recent war with the Roman Empire , who were held in his town under appalling conditions and destined for a life of slavery, took the initiative of ransoming them, by selling his church's precious gold and silver vessels, letting them return to their country. For this he was canonized.

Clovis I liberated captives after Genevieve urged him to do so. Many French prisoners of war were killed during the Battle of Agincourt in ; this was done in retaliation for the French killing of the boys and other non-combatants handling the baggage and equipment of the army, because the French were attacking again and Henry was afraid that they would break through and free the prisoners to fight again.

In the Middle Ages , a number of religious wars aimed to not only defeat but eliminate their enemies. In Christian Europe , the extermination of heretics was considered desirable. The inhabitants of conquered cities were massacred during the Crusades against the Muslims in the 11th and 12th centuries.

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  • Noblemen could hope to be ransomed. In feudal Japan , there was no custom of ransoming prisoners of war, who were for the most part summarily executed. The expanding Mongol Empire was famous for distinguishing between cities or towns that surrendered, where the population were spared but required to support the conquering Mongol army, those that resisted, where their city was ransacked and destroyed, all the population killed. In Termez , on the Oxus : "all the people, both men and women, were driven out onto the plain, divided in accordance with their usual custom they were all slain"; the Aztecs were at war with neighbouring tribes and groups, with the goal of this constant warfare being to collect live prisoners for sacrifice.

    For the re-consecration of Great Pyramid of Tenochtitlan in , "between 10, and 80, persons" were sacrificed. During the early Muslim conquests, Muslims captured large number of prisoners. Aside from those who converted, most were enslaved. Christians who were captured during the Crusades, were either killed or sold into slavery if they could not pay a ransom.

    During his lifetime, Muhammad made it the responsibility of the Islamic government to provide food and clothing, on a reasonable basis, to captives, regardless of their religion. The freeing of prisoners was recommended as a charitable act. On certain occasions where Muhammad felt the enemy had broken a treaty with the Muslims, he ordered the mass execution of male prisoners, such as the Banu Qurayza. Females and children of this tribe were divided up as spoils of war by Muhammad; the Peace of Westphalia , which ended the Thirty Years' War , established the rule that prisoners of war should be released without ransom at the end of hostilities and that they should be allowed to return to their homelands.

    There evolved the right of parole , French for "discourse", in which a captured officer surrendered his sword and gave his word as a gentleman in exchange for privileges. If he swore not to escape, he could gain the freedom of the prison. If he swore to cease hostilities against the nation who held him captive, he could be repatriated or exchanged but could not serve against his former captors in a military capacity. They were opposed by the Patriots, who supported the revolution, called them "persons inimical to the liberties of America". Prominent Loyalists assured the British government that many thousands of them would spring to arms and fight for the crown; the British government acted in expectation of that in the southern campaigns in In practice, the number of Loyalists in military service was far lower than expected since Britain could not protect them except in those areas where Britain had military control; the British were suspicious of them, not knowing whom they could trust in such a conflicted situation.

    Patriots watched suspected Loyalists closely and would not tolerate any organized Loyalist opposition. Many outspoken or militarily active Loyalists were forced to flee to their stronghold of New York City. William Franklin , the royal governor of New Jersey and son of Patriot leader Benjamin Franklin , became the leader of the Loyalists after his release from a Patriot prison in He worked to build Loyalist military units to fight in the war, but the number of volunteers was much fewer than London expected.

    When their cause was defeated, about 15 percent of the Loyalists fled to other parts of the British Empire , to Britain itself, or to British North America ; the southern Loyalists moved to Florida, which had remained loyal to the Crown, to British Caribbean possessions bringing along their slaves. Most were compensated with Canadian land or British cash distributed through formal claims procedures. Loyalists who stayed in the US were able to retain their property and become American citizens. Historians have estimated that between 15 and 20 percent of the two million whites in the colonies in were Loyalists.

    Families were divided during the American Revolution , many felt themselves to be both American and British, still owing a loyalty to the mother country. Maryland lawyer Daniel Dulaney the Younger opposed taxation without representation but would not break his oath to the King or take up arms against him. He wrote: "There may be a time. Till I shall recommend a legal and prudent resentment". - Loyalist Trails newsletter Online edition Archive

    Most Americans hoped for a peaceful reconciliation but were forced to choose sides by the Patriots who took control nearly everywhere in the Thirteen Colonies in Yale historian Leonard Woods Larabee has identified eight characteristics of the Loyalists that made them conservative and loyal to the king and Britain: They were older, better established, resisted radical change They felt that rebellion against the Crown—the legitimate government—was morally wrong, they were alienated when the Patriots resorted to violence, such as burning houses and tarring and feathering.

    They wanted to take a middle-of-the road position and were angry when forced by the Patriots to declare their opposition, they had a long-standing sentimental attachment to Britain. They wanted to postpone the moment. They were afraid that chaos and mob rule would result; some were pessimists. Others recalled the dreadful experiences of many Jacobite rebels after the failure of the last Jacobite rebellion as as who lost their lands when the Hanoverian government won. Other motives of the Loyalists included: They felt a need for order and believed that Parliament was the legitimate authority.

    They had been promised freedom from slavery by the British, they felt that being a part of the British Empire was crucial in terms of commerce and their business operations. In the opening months of the Revolutionary War , the Patriots laid siege to Boston , where most of the British forces were stationed. Elsewhere there were few British troops and the Patriots seized control of all levels of government, as well as supplies of arms and gunpowder. Vocal Loyalists recruited people to their side with the encouragement and assistance of royal governors.

    In the South Carolina back country, Loyalist recruitment oustripped that of Patriots. A brief siege at Ninety Six, South Carolina in the fall of was followed by a rapid rise in Patriot recruiting, a Snow Campaign involving thousands of partisan militia resulted in the arrest or flight of most of the back country Loyalist leadership. North Carolina back country Scots and former Regulators joined forces in early , but they were broken as a force at the Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge.

    By July 4, , the Patriots had gained control of all territory in the Thirteen Colonies and expelled all royal officials. No one who proclaimed their loyalty to the Crown was allowed to remain, so Loyalists fled or kept quiet; some of those who remained gave aid to invading British armies or joined uniformed Loyalist regiments. He was a delegate to the Stamp Act Congress of Ruggles was born on October to Rev. Timothy Ruggles , he was grandson of Capt. In he married Mrs. Bathsheba Newcomb, widow of William Newcomb and the daughter of the Hon. After serving as Speaker of the Massachusetts House of Representatives in , he was selected as a delegate to the first colonial congress of meeting in New York on October 7, Ruggles was elected its president.

    After he refused to sanction the addresses sent by that body to Great Britain he was publicly censured by the General Court of Massachusetts , he became one of the leading Tories of New England. The Loyal American Association vowed to: - Not submit to rebellious assembly. In he received a grant of 10, acres of land in Nova Scotia, where he settled.

    Ruggles left Bathsheba Spooner , behind in Massachusetts. On July 2, she became the first woman executed in the newly independent United States of America , she was hanged while 5 months pregnant for the crime of plotting, with a 17 year old Continental Army soldier with whom she was having an affair, two British soldiers the death of her husband Joshua Spooner, savagely beaten and dumped in a well. Ruggles was bothered by a hernia in years and in August on the occasion of a visit by guests while taking them on a tour of his garden he aggravated his poor health.

    Four days he died and was buried on the eastward side of the Old Trinity Church , the church which he had been a major financial contributor in Middleton, Nova Scotia. A monument was erected to his memory by his great grand-daughter, Eliza Bayard West. Doctorate Thesis. Dalhousie University. Constitution provides that civil officers of the United States, which would include the U. Attorney General, may be impeached by Congress for treason , bribery or high crimes and misdemeanors ; the United States Attorney General may be removed at will by the President of the United States under the Supreme Court decision Myers v.

    United States , which found that executive branch officials may be removed without the consent of any entity. In cases of the federal death penalty, the power to seek the death penalty rests with the U. Congress passed the Judiciary Act of which, among other things, established the Office of the Attorney General. The original duties of this officer were "to prosecute and conduct all suits in the Supreme Court in which the United States shall be concerned, to give his advice and opinion upon questions of law when required by the President of the United States, or when requested by the heads of any of the departments"; the Department of Justice was established in to support the Attorney General in the discharge of their responsibilities.

    The Attorney General, the Secretary of State, the Secretary of the Treasury , the Secretary of Defense are regarded as the four most important Cabinet officials in the United States because of the significance and age of their respective departments, it is the practice for the Attorney General, along with many other public officials, to give resignation with effect on the Inauguration Day of a new President. The Deputy Attorney General , required to tender their resignation, is requested to stay on and act as Attorney General pending the confirmation by the Senate of the new Attorney General.

    For example, on the inauguration of President Donald Trump on January 20, , the tenure of the Attorney General Loretta Lynch was brought to an end, the Deputy Attorney General Sally Yates , who had tendered her resignation, was asked to stay on and be Acting Attorney General until the confirmation of the new Attorney General Jeff Sessions , nominated for the office in November by then-President-elect Donald Trump.

    William Barr, who served from , returned to the post and is serving, excluding him from this list. Furthermore, an Executive Order defines subsequent positions, the most recent from March 31, , signed by President Donald Trump. Integrated Authority File The Integrated Authority File or GND is an international authority file for the organisation of personal names, subject headings and corporate bodies from catalogues. It is used for documentation in libraries and also by archives and museums; the GND is managed by the German National Library in cooperation with various regional library networks in German-speaking Europe and other partners.

    The GND falls under the Creative Commons Zero licence; the GND specification provides a hierarchy of high-level entities and sub-classes, useful in library classification, an approach to unambiguous identification of single elements. It comprises an ontology intended for knowledge representation in the semantic web, available in the RDF format; the Integrated Authority File became operational in April and integrates the content of the following authority files, which have since been discontinued: Name Authority File Corporate Bodies Authority File Subject Headings Authority File Uniform Title File of the Deutsches Musikarchiv At the time of its introduction on 5 April , the GND held 9,, files, including 2,, personalised names.

    The largest in the city, the park covers over acres, it is home to the Massachusetts Vietnam Veterans' Memorial , which honors veterans of the Vietnam War from Massachusetts. Patriot American Revolution Patriots were those colonists of the Thirteen Colonies who rejected British rule during the American Revolution and declared the United States of America as an independent nation in July Their decision was based on the political philosophy of republicanism as expressed by spokesmen such as Thomas Jefferson , John Adams , Thomas Paine , they were opposed by the Loyalists.

    They included slaves and freemen such as Crispus Attucks , the first martyr of the American Revolution; the critics of British rule called themselves "Whigs" after , identifying with members of the British Whig party who favored similar colonial policies. In Britain at the time, the word "patriot" had a negative connotation and was used as a negative epithet for "a factious disturber of the government", according to Samuel Johnson.

    Prior to the Revolution, colonists who supported British authority called themselves Tories or royalists , identifying with the political philosophy of traditionalist conservatism dominant in Great Britain. During the Revolution, these persons became known as Loyalists. Afterward, many emigrated north to the remaining British territories in Canada. There they called themselves the United Empire Loyalists. Many Patriots were active before in groups such as the Sons of Liberty , the most prominent leaders are referred to today by Americans as the Founding Fathers , they represented a cross-section of the population of the Thirteen Colonies and came from many different backgrounds.

    Brookfield, one of the most isolated settlements in the colony, was attacked by Nipmuck forces. After an ambush the town was besieged. For two days the townsfolk, consisting of 80 people, sought shelter in the garrison house while the rest of the town was completely destroyed. The settlement lay abandoned for twelve years. A marker along Route 9 commemorates his route.

    Look up Bathsheba in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Smith — , early member of the Latter Day Saint movement Bathsheba Spooner — , the first woman executed in the United States after the Declaration of Independence See also David and Bathsheba film , historical Technicolor epic film about King. Early career Described as "a stage-struck year-old just out of high school", she started her career on the stage of the Muncie Civic Theatre. She quickly joined the Guild Theatre company, a new theatrical stock company in Cincinnati, Ohio.

    Croft said of her work at WLW, "from to , I played parts with every kind of voice and accent: children, babies, old women, society belles, main street floozies — everything. It grew out of Lewis' personal interest in famous murder cases and took a documentary-like approach to the subject, carefully recreating the facts, personages and feel of the time period. Comparatively little dramatic license was taken with the facts and events, but the tragedy was leavened with humor, expressed largely through the narration.

    The crimes dramatized generally covered a broad time and place frame from ancient Greece to late 19th-century America. Each episode in the series was co-written by Morton Fine and David Friedkin, in consultation with Lewis, although the scripting process was more a matter of research, as the stories were "adapted from the original court reports and newspaper acc. Timothy Dwight Ruggles[8] October 20, — August 4, was an American colonial military leader, jurist and politician.

    Early life Ruggles was born on October 20, to Rev. Timothy Ruggles. He graduated from Harvard in ; studied law, and established himself in practice in Rochester. Bathsheba Newcomb, widow of William Newcomb and the daughter of the Hon. Melatiah Bourne of Sandwich, Massachusetts. He was a military officer during the French and Indian War, rising to the rank of brigadier general in Stamp Act He served multiple terms in the Massachusetts House of Representatives, and was its speaker from to Jedediah Foster October 10, —October 17, was a judge and advocate for independence during the American Revolution, and ultimately a justice of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court.

    Foster was born in Andover, Massachusetts and studied law at Harvard University. He graduated in at the age of He subsequently settled in Brookfield now West Brookfield. He was later appointed a judge for Worcester County, Massachusetts. He was one of four judges to oversee the trial and subsequent execution of Bathsheba Spooner, who was the first woman to be executed in the United States by Americans rather than the British.

    Foster was part of a committee of three which was appointed to draft the first Constitution of Massachusetts. However, Foster died before the work was completed in Plymouth, Massachusetts, called "America's Hometown" on its welcome billboards and a tourist train,[1] is home to both Plymouth Rock and the Mayflower. It is where the pilgrims first set foot when they came to America in , and where the first Thanksgiving took place.

    Over the past years, Plymouth has grown from a small colony to a large community. With this much history in a town come stories of abandoned hospitals and old places that are now believed to be haunted. He came to Plymouth on the Mayflower in He designed the first fort in Plymouth, and starting trading with various tribes. He kept Plymouth in defense and enforced the law throughout the colony. He went on trips back to England to trade goods to bring back to Plymouth.

    Some time in the s, he founded Duxbury, a t. This is a list of the last executions in the United States for the crimes stated.

    Bathsheba Spooner

    Stark, Mostly middle-class businessmen, the Loyal Nine enlisted Ebenezer Mackintosh to rally large crowds of commoners to their cause and provided the protesters with food, drink, and supplies. A precursor to the Sons of Liberty, the group is credited with establishing the Liberty Tree as a central gathering place for Boston patriots. History Stamp Act protests Sometime after the Stamp Act was passed in March , the Loyal Nine began meeting at the office of the Boston Gazette with the goal of preventing the act from taking effect that November.

    Once a year on No. She was the first woman elected to membership in the American Antiquarian Society. She moved with her family to Worcester, Massachusetts, in She attended Bancroft School in Worcester, and, from to , she attended Bradford Academy,[1] a junior college in Bradford, Massachusetts. In , she joined her older sisters Cornelia and Katherine in Madison, Wisconsin, where Cornelia was in graduate school and Katharine was teaching. During this time she attended the classes at the University of Wisconsin. In , she returned. Deadly Women is an American television series that first aired in on the Discovery Channel, focusing on female killers.

    It was originally a mini-series consisting of three episodes: "Obsession," "Greed" and "Revenge". After a three-year hiatus, the show resumed production in and began airing on the Investigation Discovery channel as a regularly scheduled series. The series is produced in Australia by Beyond International. Deadly Women TV series Each of the three original episodes covered the cases of various groups of women who were united by the central theme of the episode. These three episodes of the show were narrated by Marsha Crenshaw.

    Wikimedia Commons has media related to As of the start of , the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until February 5 — South Carolina becomes the first state to ratify the Articles of Confederation. General John Cadwalader shoots and seriously wounds Major General Thomas Conway in a duel after a dispute between the two officers over Co.

    March, 1777

    A central landmark of the city, it is located on the Right Bank of the Seine in the city's 1st arrondissement district or ward. Remnants of the fortress are visible in the basement of the museum. Due to urban expansion, the fortress eventually lost its defensive function, and in Francis I converted it into the main residence of the French Kings.

    Initially it was attributed to the sculptor Praxiteles, but based on an inscription that was on its plinth, the statue is now thought to be the work of Alexandros of Antioch. Created sometime between and BC, the statue is believed to depict Aphrodite, the Greek goddess of love and beauty.

    However, some scholars claim it is the sea-goddess Amphitrite, venerated on Milos. Part of an arm and the original plinth were lost following the statue's discovery.

    Harvest Blood- Umbilical Noose

    It is currently on permanent display at the Louvre Museum in Paris. The statue is named after Aphrodite's Roman name, Venus, and the Greek island of Milos, where it was discovered. Description The Venus de Milo's arms are missing, for unknown reasons. Monica Bellucci at the Cannes Film Festival Wax figure of Christina Aguilera at Madame Tussauds in London Cleavage is the exposed area between a woman's breasts lying over the sternum, and refers only to what is visible with clothing or dense, nontransparent body art that includes a low-cut neckline.

    In these cultures women have, throughout history, sought to enhance their physical attractiveness and femininity, within the context of changing fashions and cultural-specific norms of modesty of the time and place. The methods practised in appropriate contexts have included the accentuation and partial display of breasts, including cleavage. In some cultures any display of cleavage may be culturally taboo e. The Mona Lisa Italian: Monna Lisa or La Gioconda , French: La Joconde is a half-length portrait painting by the Italian Renaissance artist Leonardo da Vinci that has been described as "the best known, the most visited, the most written about, the most sung about, the most parodied work of art in the world.

    It had been believed to have been painted between and ; however, Leonardo may have continued working on it as late as Recent academic work suggests that it would not have been started before The Winged Victory of Samothrace, also called the Nike of Samothrace,[2] is a marble Hellenistic sculpture of Nike the Greek goddess of victory , that was created in about the 2nd century BC. Since , it has been prominently displayed at the Louvre and is one of the most celebrated sculptures in the world.

    Janson described it as "the greatest masterpiece of Hellenistic sculpture",[1] and it is one of a small number of major Hellenistic statues surviving in the original, rather than Roman copies. Description The context of the Winged Victory of Samothrace, discovered in , is controversial, with proposals ranging from the Battle of Salamis in BC to the Battle of Actium in 31 BC as the event being celebrated.

    Datings based on stylistic evaluation have been equally variable, ranging across the same three centuries, but perhaps tending to an earlier date. It is one of the oldest deciphered writings of significant length in the world. The sixth Babylonian king, Hammurabi, enacted the code. A partial copy exists on a 2. It consists of laws, with scaled punishments, adjusting "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth" lex talionis[1] as graded based on social stratification depending on social status and gender, of slave versus free, man versus woman.

    Other provisions set the terms of a transaction, the liability of a builder for a house that collapses, or property that is damaged while left in the care of another. A third of the code addresses issues concerning household and family relationships such as inheritance, divorce, paternity, and reproductive behavio.

    He re-adopted the name Black Francis in His vocal style has varied from a screaming, yowling delivery as lead vocalist of the Pixies to a more measured and melodic style in his solo career. Completed sometime between BC, it currently resides in the Louvre, Paris. These spoons are also referred to as "toilet spoons. References Brresc-Bautier, Genevieve Louvre: The Collections. Reunion des Musees Nationaux. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cosmetics spoon E Ingres' contemporaries considered the work to signify Ingres' break from Neoclassicism, indicating a shift toward exotic Romanticism.

    Grande Odalisque attracted wide criticism when it was first shown. It is renowned for the elongated proportions and lack of anatomical realism. The work is owned by the Louvre Museum, Paris which purchased the work in Doolittle is the second studio album by American alternative rock band Pixies, released in April on 4AD. The album's offbeat and dark subject material, featuring references to surrealism, Biblical violence, torture and death, contrasts with the clean production sound achieved by the newly hired producer Gil Norton. The album itself reached number eight on the UK Albums Chart, an unexpected success for the band.

    In retrospect, album tracks such as "Debaser", "Wave of Mutilation", "Monkey Gone to Heaven", "Gouge Away", and "Hey" are highly acclaimed by critics, while the album, along with debut LP Surfer Rosa, is often seen as the band's strongest work. Doolittle has continued to sell consist. The large pyramid serves as the main entrance to the Louvre Museum. Completed in ,[1] it has become a landmark of the city of Paris.

    Design and construction Inside the Pyramid: the view of the Louvre Museum in Paris from the underground lobby of the pyramid. The structure, which was constructed entirely with glass segments and metal poles, reaches a height of The event became an international scandal, in part because its cause was widely attributed to the incompetence of the French captain. The Sleeping Hermaphroditus is an ancient marble sculpture depicting Hermaphroditus life size. In , Italian artist Gian Lorenzo Bernini sculpted the mattress upon which the statue now lies. It represents a subject that was much repeated in Hellenistic times and in ancient Rome, to judge from the number of versions that have survived.

    The "Borghese Hermaphroditus" was later sold to the occupying French and was moved to The Louvre, where it is on display. The Sleeping Hermaphroditus has been described as a good early Imperial Roman copy of a bronze original by the later of the two Hellenistic sculptors named Polycles working ca BC ;[1] the original bronze was ment. This painting uses rich, vivid and warm colours, and broad brushstrokes. It was inspired by Lord Byron's play Sardanapalus , and in turn inspired a cantata by Hector Berlioz, Sardanapale , and also Franz Liszt's opera, Sardanapale —52, unfinished.

    Visual analysis version of the painting On it. Capitoline Museums, Rome. The identity of the sculptor of the original is unknown, but it has been suggested that Epigonus, a court sculptor of the Attalid dynasty of Pergamon, may have been the creator. The copy was most commonly known as The Dying Gladiator until the 20th century on the assumption that it depicted a wounded gladiator in a Roman amphitheatre.

    The work is held in the Louvre in Paris. History of the work The work was commissioned by Napoleon orally in September , and Jacques-Louis David started work on it on 21 December in the former chapel of the College of Cluny, near the Sorbonne, which served as a workshop.

    Assisted by his student Georges Rouget, he put the finishing touches in January From 7 February to 21 March , the work was exhibited at the Salon annual painting display in , and it was presented to the Salon decennial prize competition in The painting remained the property of David until , when it was transferred to the Royal Museums, where it was stored in the. The Astronomer is a painting finished in about by the Dutch painter Johannes Vermeer. Both are believed to portray the same man,[2][3][4] possibly Antonie van Leeuwenhoek.

    It may be thought of as a smaller sibling of the more famous Louvre Pyramid proper, yet turned upside down: its upturned base is easily seen from outside. Tensioned against a tonne short-ton , The glass of the pyramid itself is 10 millimetres 0. Mesha tells how Chemosh, the god of Moab, had been angry with his people and had allowed them to be subjugated to Israel, but at length, Chemosh returned and assisted Mesha to throw off the yoke of Israel and restore the lands of Moab.

    Mesha describes his many building projects. Klein was led to it by a local Bedouin, although neither of them could read the text. News of the finding set off a race between France, Britain, and Germany to acquir. The Intervention of the Sabine Women is a painting by the French painter Jacques-Louis David, showing a legendary episode following the abduction of the Sabine women by the founding generation of Rome.

    David began planning the work while he was imprisoned in the Luxembourg Palace in France was at war with other European nations after a period of civil conflict culminating in the Reign of Terror and the Thermidorian Reaction, during which David had been imprisoned as a supporter of Robespierre. David hesitated between representing either this subject or that of Homer reciting his verses to his fellow Greeks. He finally chose to make a canvas representing the Sabine women interposing themselves to separate the Romans and Sabines, as a "sequel" to Poussin's The Rape of the Sabine Women.

    Work on the painting commenced in , after his estranged wife visited him in jail. He conceived the idea of telling the story, to honour his wife, with the theme being love prevailing over conflict. The painting w. It represents a figure of a seated scribe at work. The sculpture was discovered at Saqqara, north of the alley of sphinxes leading to the Serapeum of Saqqara, in and dated to the period of the Old Kingdom, from either the 5th Dynasty, c. It is now in the Louvre Museum in Paris.

    It is a painted limestone statue, the eyes inlaid with rock crystal, magnesite magnesium carbonate , copper-arsenic alloy, and nipples made of wood. Description This painted limestone sculpture represents a man in a seated position, presumably a scribe.