Manual HAZARD PERCEPTION AHEAD

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My motorcycle licence. My heavy vehicle licence. Parents and supervisors. Road rules. Safe driving tips. Cycling Laws. My car licence Driving is one of the riskiest daily activities that you'll do so preparing yourself and your vehicle is vital. My motorcycle licence Riding a motorcycle is enjoyed by people of all ages. However, compared to driving other road vehicles, riding a motorcycle can place you at higher risk than others.

If you are involved in a crash, the chances of being injured are very high. My heavy vehicle licence The term 'heavy vehicle' applies to the trucks, B-doubles and road trains that transport goods across Australia. It also includes buses, trams, agricultural machinery, livestock transporters, tankers, grain and delivery trucks and other long and possibly slow moving vehicles on our roads. The following provides information on upgrading your licence to a higher class.

Heavy vehicle inspections Heavy vehicle inspections required on change of ownership from Parents and supervisors Supervising a learner driver is a challenging experience. It can also be very rewarding.

The development and validation of a hazard perception test for use in driver licensing.

You'll help a young person develop the skills and attitudes they need to become a safer, smarter driver. Road rules Is your knowledge of basic road rules up-to-date? Breaking basic road rules contributes to thousands of avoidable crashes in South Australia resulting in injuries and fatalities each year. Safe driving tips Driving involves risk and safe drivers aim to reduce and manage their risk.

Visitors to South Australia Driving involves risk and safe drivers aim to reduce and manage their risk. The HPT is a touch-screen computer-based test. It measures your ability to: recognise potentially dangerous situations when driving, and react appropriately to these situations. The structure of the test is: Welcome screen Test instructions Two practice items 15 test items End of test screen What you will see after the welcome screen After the Welcome screen, the computer will take you through an introductory section that tells you about the test.

The test instructions The test instructions explain that the HPT is made up of 15 test items or questions. Touch the screen when you would slow down To help you understand the situation, you will be shown a still picture for three seconds before the film clip starts moving. The confirmation screen buttons After each film clip, two buttons appear on the screen. After the confirmation screen During the actual test, once you have confirmed your response, a new test item will appear. The practice questions The practice questions are just like the actual test questions.

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Andy Hall. How to write a great review. The review must be at least 50 characters long. The title should be at least 4 characters long. Your display name should be at least 2 characters long.

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You can remove the unavailable item s now or we'll automatically remove it at Checkout. Remove FREE. Unavailable for purchase. Any vehicle ahead that may be reducing speed, changing position or turning represents a potential hazard and should command your attention. Provided drivers ahead have given adequate warning of their intention to turn left or right and provided nothing impedes them from completing the task this rarely results in a developing hazard.

Hence, when a vehicle ahead gives a signal to turn left or right it is not necessarily the start of a developing hazard.

Hazard Perception Test: VicRoads

However, if it was immediately apparent that the turning vehicle would not be able to complete the manoeuvre and as a consequence would cause you to slow down or possibly stop the signal does signify the start of the developing hazard. If however, this was not the case the developing hazard would not start until it became more apparent that the vehicle could not complete the manoeuvre and was therefore a real hazard to you. It would be at this point that a click of the mouse button would result in a score. If you like you can click when you see the vehicle signal and then click again when it is apparent that the turning vehicle will become a hazard.

An experienced driver would immediately try to determine where any signalling vehicle ahead was turning or indeed parking and whether it might have difficulty completing the manoeuvre. For example, people crossing the entrance of the side road or opening into which the vehicle was turning might hold up the turning vehicle and so cause a hazard. A narrow side road or one at an acute angle may cause similar problems as might the appearance of an emerging vehicle. In addition when a vehicle is turning right you would not only look at the entrance to the side road you would also look at the oncoming traffic to see if this would prevent the driver from turning.

The hazard caused is not unlike the meet situations covered earlier as the turning vehicle becomes an obstruction. Vehicles ahead reversing into the main road from a side-road, a drive-way or a parking space or parking bay may cause you to stop, slow down or overtake and as such are another common hazard you need to look out for. When a driver is reversing out, their view and ability to move away quickly is significantly reduced from driving out forwards.

Consequently, if you see a car reversing ahead it is quite possible they may not have seen you or misjudged the time it will take them to emerge and drive away. Hence, reversing vehicles often are a sign of the start of a developing hazard ahead. The Highway Code advises the following in this regard:. Do not reverse from a side road into a main road. When using a driveway, reverse in and drive out if you can. In shopping areas with parked cars along the street you also need to be aware of drivers stopping just past a potential parking space with the intention of doing a reverse park.

Vehicles who try to do U-turns often misjudge the turning circle of their vehicle and the width of the road with the result that they need to stop and reverse to complete the task. As a consequence they temporarily block the road and may cause you to stop. So if you see a vehicle ahead who swings out to the left or the right, particularly at the entrance of a side road or a mini-roundabout, they may well be attempting this manoeuvre and represent a developing hazard.

So as soon as the vehicle ahead starts to take an unexpected path or position click the mouse button as it may well be trying a U-turn or some other unusual manoeuvre. Large vehicles can present a number of potential hazards due to their size and weight when manoeuvring. When moving off or emerging they are usually much slower than smaller vehicles and therefore need more time to emerge.

Emerging vehicles may also need to swing onto the other side of the road even when emerging to the left from a junction due to their length, the shape of the junction or the circumstances that prevail at the time. Therefore, you need to recognise when an approaching large vehicle may impede your progress due to the layout of the road ahead and the vehicles physical dimensions. Large vehicles turning left or right may also take up unusual road positions when negotiating a junction or roundabout.

So try to put yourself in the shoes of the driver of the large vehicle and think about the room they need and the road position and paths they may have to take when turning. You then plan your actions accordingly. Remember this acronym OAP, observe - anticipate - plan. If you observe, anticipate and plan well while driving you may well live to become an OAP. As soon as the potential problem you have recognised starts to develop i.

Often large vehicles need to negotiate narrow openings and side roads when delivering goods to suppliers. As a consequence they may need to move backwards and forwards across the main road to achieve this.


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So be patient and be grateful it is not you who has to reverse a ten tonne articulated lorry down a narrow side road. If a large vehicle stops ahead for no apparent reason in a slightly odd position with hazard warning lights they may well be about to start such a manoeuvre. Slow moving utility, works and agricultural vehicles have flashing amber lights to warn you that they present a hazard.

The vehicles may simply be driving along or undertaking some task such as gritting the road, cutting grass or hedges, collecting refuse etc. When stationary expect to see work-men round about these vehicles. Amber flashing lights mean hazard so as soon as you see the lights click the mouse button and click again as soon as you recognise the problem it will cause to you.

This is the advice given by the Highway Code on vehicles with amber flashing lights:. Vehicles with flashing amber lights. These warn of a slow-moving vehicle such as a road gritter or recovery vehicle or a vehicle which has broken down, so approach with caution. Consider the route of the emergency vehicle and take appropriate action to let it pass. If necessary, pull to the side of the road and stop, but do not endanger other road users.

If it is necessary for you to slow down, stop or change position it is a developing hazard. Again as with the amber flashing lights you click the mouse as soon as you see them and again when you recognise the problem it will cause you. Theory Test Advice Your key to driving test success. Theory Test Advice Home. Hazard Perception Types Introduction There are 13 common hazard types or categories that you need to look out for while on the test or indeed while on the road for real.

The first type of hazard commonly featured on the Hazard Perception Test is triggered when: A pedestrian approaches a zebra crossing with the intention of moving onto the crossing or; A school crossing patrol officer moves to the edge of the road and shows a stop for children sign or; An authorised traffic controller gives a signal to stop.

There is some advice given in the Highway Code about the above situations: Zebra Crossings. As you approach a Zebra crossing: Look out for people waiting to cross and be ready to slow down or stop to let them cross. You must give way when someone has moved onto a crossing. Allow more time for stopping on wet or icy roads. Do not wave people across; this could be dangerous if another vehicle is approaching.

Be aware of pedestrians approaching from the side of the crossing. There is some advice given in the Highway Code about the vulnerable pedestrians such as children: " Particularly vulnerable pedestrians. These include Children and elderly pedestrians who may not be able to judge your speed and could step into the road in front of you. At 40 mph your vehicle will probably kill any pedestrians it hits.

At 20 mph there is only a 1 in 20 chance of the pedestrian being killed. So kill your speed. Elderly pedestrians who may need more time to cross the road. Be patient and allow them to cross in their own time.

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Do not hurry them by revving your engine or edging forward Blind and partially sighted people who may be carrying a white cane white with a red band for deaf and blind people or using a guide dog People with disabilities. Those with hearing problems may not be aware of your vehicle approaching. Those with walking difficulties require more time. This is what the Highway Code states about horse riders: " See Highway Code rule below: " Hence the reasons for the following Highway Code rule: Be considerate.

Be careful of and considerate towards other road users. You should: Try to be understanding if other drivers cause problems; they may be inexperienced or not know the area well Be patient; remember that anyone can make a mistake. Not allow yourself to become agitated or involved if someone is behaving badly on the road.