The kind of agriculture that pays best in the vicinity should be a guide in determining the kind of farming selected.
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For example, Wisconsin is a renowned dairy state, and a dairy farmer probably has a much better chance of success there than in an area where such farming is comparatively rare. Similarly, if you prefer poultry farming, a region known for successful commercial poultry farming should be chosen. Do not select a type of farming that is unfamiliar to the region. The chances are that the soil or climate is unfavorable and that the odds are against success. One should inquire fully into the past record of the farm, its yields, operating expenses, profits, and so on. Advice can usually be freely obtained from such well-informed and disinterested sources as county agricultural agents.
State extension services, agricultural colleges, or experimental stations, and the various farm organizations can help on broader questions. Climate is a key factor in determining the kinds of crops that can be grown, crop yields, and the type of livestock that will thrive in the region. Some of the climatic factors to be considered are the amount and distribution of rainfall during the year, length of the growing season, severity of the winters, and the possibility of such natural hazards as drought, flood, hailstorms, windstorms, and the like.
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Good soil is perhaps the most essential element in farming since it determines not only what can be grown but whether yields will be high or low. The size of the farm is naturally a major consideration. Before the war, many of the small farms, especially in such areas as the southern Appalachians, had more manpower than was needed. The size of farm which a family can handle is constantly increasing as more machinery comes into use. For example, a farmer using one horse can plant an average of 5. With the help of a horse mower, a farmer can mow about 8.
There are other factors to consider in choosing a farm, such as, are good roads available to haul the produce to market? A farm on a dirt road may be snowbound in winter or inaccessible during wet weather, and the farmer will be unable to get his milk, eggs, fruit, vegetables, and other products to market before they spoil. Finally, the community advantages should be considered. A farm is a home as well as a business. A region with poor schools and backward community organizations is apt to have poor and struggling farmers. For those who plan to buy, it is well to remember the general rule of business that the more money invested the larger is the income, and vice versa.
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The price paid for land, buildings, and equipment, if buying a developed farm, is perhaps the key in determining whether the venture. If bought at inflated prices, the carrying charges plus taxes might lead to failure in the end even if crop yields were high for a number of years. A sharp decline in prices from wartime levels would make it difficult to meet mortgage payments and loans, bringing a loss of the entire investment. Such was the unhappy fate of many farmers after the last war.
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The amount of capital required to get started as a farm operator depends on the kind of farming. Broadly speaking, there are seven types of farming particularly suitable for family operation: truck, poultry, dairy, stock, cotton, wheat, and diversified farming. Truck or vegetable farming does not take much land, but the relatively few acres must be rich. Usually they cost as much as a general farm several times as large.
A truck farm may be most desirable near a town or city where the crops can be sold as soon as they are ready.
Agriculture in the United States
Such a farm is a highly specialized business, but often quite profitable. Poultry farming is one of the most common and successful types of farming near the urban centers of the United States. If you plan to sell eggs, wholesale, it will take from 1, to 2, hens to keep a family fully employed; if , re tail, only 1, to 1, hens will be necessary.
It may take just as much labor, however, to manage the smaller as the larger flock. The pounds of feed grain, forage, etc. Farm programs typically cost each American just pennies per meal and account for less than one-half of 1 percent of the total U. The number of farm operators of Spanish, Hispanic or Latino origin is higher than ever, up 21 percent to 99, There also are more African American 44,, up 12 percent and American Indian 58,, up 5 percent farm operators. Total U.
So we need to find more land to cultivate then?
About 8 percent of U. Visit AgFoundation. To better understand what that number means and how it was calculated, let's first look at the current state of farming.
To be considered a farm, at least in the eyes of the U. Under this presumption, there are 3. Together these farms produce crops for the more than million people living in the U. But it's not as simple as it may sound. The number of people one farmer feeds is calculated by economists at the American Farm Bureau Federation, and it's not actually based on the production of an individual farmer; rather, it's a ratio that's based on the production of each farm.