Further multicenter studies are needed to better understand the association between gambling and Internet addiction among nursing students.
Alpar, S. Change in the health promoting lifestyle behaviour of Turkish University nursing students from beginning to end of nurse training. Nurse Education in Practice, 8 6 , American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. Text Revision. Washington DC. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders 5th ed.
uketerinucuz.tk: le dipendenze da internet by tasinato adolfo paperback
Edizione italiana: Manuale diagnostico e statistico dei disturbi mentali. Milano: Raffaello Cortina, Atkinson, J. Behavioral activation and inhibition, negative affect, and gambling severity in a sample of young adult college students. Journal of Gambling Studies, 28 3 , Barbaranelli, C. Journal of Gambling Issues, 1 28 , Battersby, M. Journal of Gambling Studies, 18 3 , Betancourt, L. A, McKenna, K. Is executive cognitive function associated with youth gambling?
Journal of Gambling Studies, 28 2 , Black, D. Pathological gambling: relationship to obesity, self- reported chronic medical conditions, poor lifestyle choices, and impaired quality of life. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 54 2 , Blake, H. Perspectives in Public Health, 5 , Carli, V.
The association between pathological internet use and comorbid psychopathology: a systematic review. Psychopathology, 46 1 , Casale, S. The association between psychological well-being and problematic use of Internet communicative services among young people. The Journal of Psychology, 5 , Christakis, D. Problematic internet usage in US college students: a pilot study. BMC Medicine, 9 77 ,doi Colasante, E. Journal of Gambling Studies, 30 4 , Deasy, C. Predictors of health of pre-registration nursing and midwifery students: Findings from a cross-sectional survey.
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Nurse Education Today, 36, Conti, S. Roma: Franco Angeli Editore. De Berardis, M. Alexithymia and its relationships with dissociative experiences and internet addiction in a nonclinical sample. Dickson, L. Harm reduction for the prevention of youth gambling problems: Lessons learned from adolescent high-risk prevention programs. Journal of Adolescent Research, 19 2 , , doi: Ding, W. Altered default network resting-state functional connectivity in adolescents with internet gaming addiction PLoS One, 8 3 , e Ferraro, G. Internet addiction disorder: an Italian study. Fioravanti, G.
Evaluation of the psychometric properties of the Italian Internet Addiction Test. Granero, R. Is pathological gambling moderated by age? Journal Gambling Studies, 30 2 , Any differences between the 2 translated versions were discussed by the translators. An agreed upon? The misinterpretation and acceptability were checked. Some terms were reworded and a new version was produced. The latest version was validated in a larger sample of Italian students to test the psychometric properties and to check the reliability.
Regarding internal consistency all the item-total correlations appeared adequate, and there were no changes in the value of alpha excluding item. Item analysis of four factor of dissociative experience scale for adolescent for Italian samples. Because the relationship between observed variables and their underlying latent constructs was already confirmed in previous study [ 1 ], in this study we performed a confirmatory factor analysis [ 7 ] to verify if the same relationships can be find in our sample. Given that this statistic is sensitive to sample size, the two-index strategy [ 8 ] proposing combined use of comparative fit index [ 9 ] and standardized root mean square residual [ 10 ] was applied.
The model fits the data well if CFI is greater than or equal to. We also tested a second order factor structure whit one superordinate factor [ 7 ]. The scale possessed a good internal consistency, all factors show good saturation. The DES in Italian version is valid. This scale is useful for detecting the dissociative experience and various events such as amnesia, depersonalization, passive influence and absorption. The scale can be used both as a single factor, both with the four separate factors Dissociative Amnesia, Absorption and imaginative involvement, Depersonalization and derealization, and Passive influence.
We reporte in Additional file 1 Italian version of the dissociative experience scale for Adolescent. New technologies related to social communication have made problematic the quality of existence.
The Teenagers now spends more and more time in front of the smartphone and the Internet, mainly to communicate with others through messages, social networks, calls, finding in them a more accessible means of communication more accessible, easy, free from anxiety and fear, a defense from on the other. It brings more and more to escape from the real relationship. The aim of this study was to test the validity of the Dissociative Experience scale in Italian to analyze dissociative experience in Italian adolescents who use technological communication instruments.
The use of this instrument can be an added value for a useful comparison on important issues that limit the educational process and human planning, preventing him from seizing the opportunities necessary for it to achieve maturation and personality development in all his physical and psychic potential, intellectual and moral.
CD conceived of the study, and participated in its design and coordination and helped to draft the manuscript. FS participated in the design of the study and helped to draft the manuscript. ZH performed the statistical analysis of the study. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
The authors declare that they have no competing interests. The material was collected anonymously after obtaining the consent of the student, if of legal age, the parents, for underage students, and the school administrator. In particular this study was approved by ethics committee Prof. Additional file 1: Appendix. Italian version of the dissociative experience scale for Adolescent. Concetta De Pasquale, Email: ti. Federica Sciacca, Email: moc. Zira Hichy, Email: ti. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Journal List Ann Gen Psychiatry v. Ann Gen Psychiatry.
Published online Nov Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Corresponding author. Received Sep 1; Accepted Oct This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Background The Dissociative Experience Scale for adolescent A-DES , a item, multidimensional, self-administered questionnaire, was validated using a large sample of American young people sample.
Methods A set of questionnaires was provided to a total of participants from March to April The present survey aimed to collect information on Internet usage patterns in a group of Italian university students. The diagnostic Questionnaire for Iad based on 8 criteria was used to categorize the Internet users.
Finally, some gender differences in Internet attitudes and behaviors were found. E-mail: of Palermo, Italy ma. In particular, The use of the Internet has increased con- the number of people connecting from home at siderably over the last few years. For several years, there as a medium of information and communication, had been more use of the Internet in work set- has an important place in social and academic life tings rather than from home, but the trend seems of university students in many societies. Unfortunately, and females participated in the study.
In order although several models and related question- to avoid a possible bias inherent to scholar interests naires have been elaborated for the assessment of or due to Internet use attitudes of the students, only the Internet Addiction Disorder IAD , the disor- the following scientific or mathematical and non- der is not yet recognized officially in the diagnos- scientific disciplines were considered: Medicine, tic classification system because we cannot find Economics, Engineering, Education Science, and a solid pathological predictor for it 8, 9.
In all Law 60 students, 30 males and 30 females, each.
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Internet use is limited, 4 putting a relationship A growing body of research has investigated in jeopardy in order to use Internet, 5 a need for the nature of PIU among university students 7, 13, increased time spent on-line to achieve the same In particular, with regard to the negative conse- amount of satisfaction, 6 repeated efforts to curtail quences of late night Internet use for social network- Internet use, 7 lying to others about how much time ing purposes, Kubey et al.
Moreover, in order to better describe the get less sleep, and miss classes. Thus, the present survey aimed to collect using a randomized stratified selection method. Specifically, lectures and was given 20 minutes to complete the study focused on whether there were any dif- it. In order according to city of origin and gender. Participants were also told that The study was reviewed and approved by the no monetary benefits or academic credit would ethics panels of the University of Catania and the be given for compilation of the questionnaire, and University of Palermo.
The survey was conducted that they should respond as honestly as possible.
Chi-square test was applied Students declared to feel the need to use the to examine differences between the two groups Internet with increasing amounts of time in order to of students Catania versus Palermo , and for achieve satisfaction 3. They also admitted to lie to their family members and to conceal the extent of their involvement with the Internet 8.
Their mean age was stop Internet use 3. All students declared to use the Internet for a mean average of 19 hours per week. None of the university girls, considered the Internet as a way of escaping students met the criteria of definite IAD. Although In This study explored the Internet usage pat- particular, respondents declared to be in pressing terns of students at two Italian universities. Difficulty in managing the time spent on ranging between 3. Frequent feelings concerning that the is evidence that PIU is prevalent among Greek world outside of the Internet is boring, empty and university students In our study, joyless In of helplessness, anxiety or depression 8.
It has been sug- or conflicts There is also self-esteem teenager, with little or no social life Excluding selection bias, and at work.