Green Amaranth Amaranthus viridis. Amaranth grain left and wheat right. Southern Kerala-style traditional Thoran made with Cheera Amaranth leaves. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Genus of plants. This article is about the plant genus Amaranthus. For other uses, see Amaranth disambiguation. For the ancient Greek writer, see Amarantus of Alexandria.
For the Momoiro Clover Z album, see Amaranthus album.
For the Songhai drum, see talking drum. For the grain, see Amaranth grain. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Example from Chilpancingo. Retrieved Weed Science.
Dorling Kindersley. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. Amaranthaceae - Taxonomic significance". Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society. Sinauer Associates, Inc.
Amaranth, Copperhead (Organic)
Retrieved 20 April Nutrients Review. Gormley; E. Arendt Amaranth Institute. Archived from the original PDF on J Nutr. America's First Cuisines. University of Texas Press. Delimitation of A. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution Science : Chapter 8: Ethnobotany. A Vozzo. Amaranth: the once and future crop. Bioscience 36 1 : Retrieved 30 November Notes on Economic Plants. Lost Crops of Africa. National Academies Press. Edible plants of Uganda. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Ecological Economics. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.
Mechanical: Since amaranth is not planted until late May or early June, many weeds will already have emerged. These early weeds must be controlled by tilling the field prior to planting.
Grain amaranths grow slowly during the first several weeks after planting, so three or four cultivations may be needed during this period to control weeds. Once the amaranth plant is about a foot tall, it begins to grow rapidly and is very competitive with weeds. Two species of weeds which are especially competitive with amaranth are lambsquarter and pigweed. Fields with high populations of these weeds should not be used for amaranth production.
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Since grain amaranth seeds do not undergo dormancy, and because plant growth is not vigorous early in the season, it is unlikely that grain amaranth will be a weed problem in succeeding crops. Researchers and growers have observed little in the way of major disease problems.
Further problems may develop as the acreage of amaranth increases. Damping-off of young seedlings can be a problem under some conditions, caused by Pythim and Rhizoctonia and stem canker, caused by Phorma or Rhizoctonia. Tarnished plant bug, flea beetle, and amaranth weevil, are potentially significant insect pests of amaranth. The insect most likely to affect yields is the tarnished plant bug, Lygus , a sucking insect which often reaches high populations in the seed head during the critical seed fill stage.
Flea beetles damage young leaf tissue. The adult amaranth weevil feeds on leaves, but the larval stage is more damaging because they bore into the central tissue of roots and occasionally stems, causing rotting and potentially lodging. It is currently unknown whether our insect control measures are cost-effective, but significant loss of yield and quality due to Lygus damage has been observed.
Harvest is the most critical stage in grain amaranth production. Without careful harvest techniques, it is possible to lose or damage the majority of the seed. A killing frost must occur before harvest followed by a week of good drying weather there are no approved desiccants for amaranth. If the stems and leaves are too wet, the seeds become sticky and adhere to the inside of the combine as well as the straw discharge. Shattering during the cutting process can also cause losses, so adjustments should be made to minimize shattering of the heads.
When reel heads are used it may be helpful to remove several reel bats or raise the height of the reel. Row headers perform better than reel heads for combining amaranth. High cylinder speed can damage grain and reduce germination and popping volume.
Conventional combines can be used if fitted with appropriately-sized separator screens. Grain handling and storage plans should be developed before harvest begins. It is important to clean the grain to remove plant and foreign material which will increase the chance of molding.
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A gravity table can be used to separate particles of the same size but of different weight, such as the dark pigweed seeds. Small amounts of grain can be dried by blowing air across the amaranth; heated air may be necessary at certain times. The optimum way to store the grain after cleaning and drying is in wooden storage bins or in heavy duty 4 or 5 ply paper bags. University studies at Rosemount, Minnesota showed average test weight of 63 pounds per bushel.
Perhaps the greatest problem facing the development of amaranth as a crop is finding markets. The crop has only been grown commercially during the 's, and the markets are. The primary market for amaranth is the food industry, where it is used in products. A farmer entering the market with grain from several hundred acres of amaranth could cause a surplus and drastically lower prices. For this reason amaranth should be grown only after identifying a market for the crop, and preferably after arranging a contract with a buyer.
Farmers have marketed their crop in a number of ways. Because grains and protein-rich foods help fight inflammation, amaranth is a great tool for your body. A major health benefit of anti-inflammatory foods is the way they relieve pain induced by arthritis and gout. Arthritis is a joint disease that causes swelling and pain in the joints. This type of arthritis generally occurs in the joints we most frequently use, such as knees, hips, spine and hands. This suggests that amaranth serves as a natural treatment for arthritis and has the power to reduce the symptoms of osteoarthritis and other inflammatory conditions.
The calcium present in amaranth grain allows the body to use this mineral for bone repair and strengthening. A study published in the International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition found that amaranth consumption is an interesting and effective way to increase the nutritional value of calcium, as well as iron and zinc.
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Calcium aids in bone strength as the bones build up calcium stores over time. Thus, this grain is a cholesterol-lowering food. Amaranth also aided digestion by increasing fecal excretion or frequency of bowel movements. This is due to the fiber content present in amaranth. Eating high-fiber foods helps the body lower cholesterol naturally.
While aiding the digestive system, amaranth is also able to prevent other health conditions like leaky gut syndrome. In order to understand leaky gut syndrome, think of the lining of your digestive tract like a net with extremely small holes in it that only allow specific substances to pass through. Your gut lining works as a barrier — keeping out bigger particles that can damage your system.
This leads to inflammation throughout the digestive system, and it causes fatigue, bloating, weight gain, headaches, skin issues and thyroid problems. It can also lead to multiple food sensitivities. This is because partially digested protein and fat can seep through your intestinal linking, making their way into the bloodstream and causing an allergic reaction.
By sprouting a grain like amaranth, you get a great source of fiber that can help support the growth of beneficial bacteria, thereby working to treat leaky gut syndrome. Manganese is needed to help with proper production of digestive enzymes responsible for a process called gluconeogenesis. According to research published in BMC Endocrine Disorders , the prevalence of diabetes and renal dysfunction increased with participants with low blood manganese levels. Researchers suggest that low blood manganese may play a role in glucose homeostasis and renal function.
Amaranth is gluten-free, so people with sensitivities or intolerances to gluten are free to eat this beneficial grain. Gluten sensitivity is a cluster of symptoms related to a reaction to the protein found in the wheat plant called gluten. Symptoms of gluten intolerance may include fatigue, bone and joint pain, arthritis, infertility, miscarriage, depression, and skin rashes, just to name a few. A gluten-sensitivity diet includes grains like amaranth, quinoa and nutritious buckwheat. A deficiency can also cause defects such as heart and limb malformations.