However, the benefits to humanity of any particular development in the life sciences must always outweigh the risks of that development being used to facilitate poisoning and deliberate spread of infectious disease. Principles and action points. To minimize the risks of poisoning and deliberate spread of infectious disease resulting from advances in the life sciences, those working in this field should recognise their individual and collective responsibilities, bear in mind certain key principles and take action as appropriate:. Preventing advances in the life sciences from being used for poisoning and deliberate spread of infectious disease must always take precedence over personal, commercial or security interests.
Encourage education of scientists from undergraduate level onwards about pertinent ethical issues. Develop and promote professional ethics and adhere to agreed codes of conduct that may be voluntary, professional or enforced as appropriate. Research and its application must always be compatible with respect for, and promotion of, national and international laws.
Encourage education of scientists from undergraduate level onwards about relevant national and international laws. Work with government officials to prevent biological or chemical weapons from being developed, produced, transferred or used and call for governments to fully uphold, implement and strengthen existing and pertinent laws. Undertaking well-intentioned research does not justify neglect of possible hostile use of the outcome. Be diligent in safeguarding legitimate research, whether in academia, industry or defence from being used for any hostile purpose, including the development of chemical or biological weapons.
Raise concerns with policy-makers an d institutions about existing regulations which may not be adequate for safeguarding legitimate research. Knowledge gained from research must ultimately become universal for the progress of science; however, the potential for hostile use of some advances in life science and biotechnology may pose a fundamental dilemma about how and when knowledge is made accessible to others.
Maintain an open dialogue about and, if possible, define what constitutes'dangerous'research. Build a regime of governance of potentially dangerous research and its subsequent publication. Transparency and a culture of dialogue together constitute the most important element in minimising the risk that advances in life sciences will be turned to hostile use.
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Create and promote a working culture of dialogue and transparency between colleagues about the nature of research undertaken. The increasing power and variety of advances in life sciences must be matched by commensurate objective assessments of risk and closer vigilance.
Be vigilant with respect to scientific advances that could facilitate poisoning and the deliberate spread of infectious disease. Discuss mechanisms that could ensure that the divide between advances in science and advances in its governance and applicable law is minimised. Minimising the risk of poisoning and deliberate spread of infectious disease require a range of synergistic measures and so is, by necessity, a multidisciplinary endeavour.
Encourage and participate in multidisciplinary dialogue and action about the prevention of poisoning and deliberate spread of infectious disease. Make the risks of poisoning and deliberate spread of infectious disease comprehensible to actors in related fields and explore ways to work in cooperation to reduce the risks.
Those working in life sciences who voice concern and take responsible action require and deserve political and professional support and protection. Encourage people who work in the life sciences to voice concern about issues relating to poisoning and the deliberate spread of infectious disease.
Ensure that adequate mechanisms exist for voicing such concerns without fear of retribution. Because of their particular characteristics, preventing the development, proliferation and use of biological weapons requires a very different approach to preventing the development, proliferation and use of chemical weapons.
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- In hostile red!
Develop and promote awareness of the specific risks of the development, proliferation and use of biological weapons and promote preventive strategies. Some materials and technologies more than others lend themselves to poisoning and deliberate spread of infectious disease. Be vigilant with respect to and maintain a dialogue about the'dual-use'phenomenon. Joseph Alexander Altsheler, which is now, at last, again available to you.
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Altsheler, Joseph A.: In Hostile Red, Princeton Antiques
These selected paragraphs distill the contents and give you a quick look inside In Hostile Red:. He started working for the New York World in , first as the paper's Hawaiian correspondent and then as the editor of the World's tri-weekly magazine. McIlvaine, 9 short stories 5 civil war stories and 4 adventure stories , and an autobiographical essay entitled 'What the Home-comers Saw' — Andersonville: a Story of Rebel Military Prisons. John McEroy. George Washington Cable. Waterloo Civil War Stories. Ambrose Bierce. Herbert Strang. Sergeant Lamb's America. Robert Graves. A Narrative of a Revolutionary Soldier.
Joseph Plumb Martin. Recollections of Rifleman Harris.
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Benjamin Randell Harris. The Overcoat. Nikolai Gogol. The Keepers of the King's Peace. Edgar Wallace. George Alfred Townsend. Robert Baden-Powell. Proceed, Sergeant Lamb. John D. Emma E. Sevastopol Sketches Sebastopol Sketches. Leo Tolstoy. Impressions of a War Correspondent. George Lynch. Filson Young. Edward Costello. The Young Buglers. Life In A Tank. Richard Haigh. A German Deserter's War Experience. Carlton McCarthy. Thomas Higginson. Jack Archer: A Tale of the Crimea.
Jacqueline Complete. Life in a Tank. Fannie A. A Wounded Name. Charles King. Matilda "Tillie" Pierce Alleman. The Reckoning. Robert William Chambers. Strategy Six Pack 9 Illustrated. Frederick Treves. In the Ranks of the C. Erskine Childers. The Defence of Duffer's Drift. Ernest Swinton. William G. Strategy Six Pack Mary Platt Parmele. The Soldier Boy. William Taylor Adams. Kate John Finze. John McElroy. Edmonds S. John William De Forest. A Soldier Of Virginia. Burton Egbert Stevenson. Tom Willoughby's Scouts.
Myths and Legends of Our Own Land, v3. Charles M. A War-Time Wooing. Kafir Stories Seven Short Stories. William Charles Scully.
Samuel H. Harry Castlemon. Army Life in a Black Regiment. Thomas Wentworth Higginson. Allan Arnold. What I Saw in Kaffir-Land. Stephen Lakeman. Indiscreet Letters from Peking. Putnam Weale.