e-book Revelation 1: 1-3 (Spirit of Prophecy Bible Study)

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Other Searches. Blue Letter Bible offers several daily devotional readings in order to help you refocus on Christ and the Gospel of His peace and righteousness. Rev The writer of the Book of Revelation. And He sent and signified it by His angel to His servant John, who bore witness to the word of God, and to the testimony of Jesus Christ, to all things that he saw. The word simply means "a revealing, an unveiling. It is the Revelation of Jesus Christ. This book is Jesus' Revelation in the sense that it belongs to Him , He is the one doing the revealing.

It is also Jesus' Revelation in the sense that He is the object revealed; Jesus is the person revealed by the book. From the outset, we are given the most important truth about the Book of Revelation. This book does show us the Antichrist, it does show us God's judgment, it does show us calamity on the earth, it does show us Mystery Babylon in vivid detail. But most of all, it is the Revelation of Jesus Christ to us. If we catch everything else, but miss Jesus in the book, we have missed the Book of Revelation. How we need a Revelation of Jesus! He gave it to show His servants. God gave this revelation that it might be shown, not hidden.

This is an apocalypse - a revelation, not apocrypha something hidden. Things which must shortly take place : This describes when the events of this book will take place - they will happen shortly , and they must happen shortly. This means that the Book of Revelation is a book of predictive prophecy. It speaks of things that will happen in the future - at least future from the time of its writing. Not all prophecy is predictive. But this prophetic book clearly is predictive.

It describes things that must shortly take place. The time is near Revelation for the fulfillment of these things, but the time was not present at the time of writing. Some would say that we should not be concerned with prophecy; that it is a frivolous exercise - but if God was concerned enough to talk about it, we should be concerned enough to listen.

I can hardly realize that this is seriously meant. Shortly take place : When John says these things must shortly take place , what does he mean? How short is short? How near is near? Short and near are relative terms, and this is God's timetable, not man's. Yet for years, history has been on the brink of the consummation of all things , running parallel to the edge, not running towards a distant brink.

Shortly is the ancient Greek phrase en tachei , which means "'quickly or suddenly coming to pass,' indicating rapidity of execution after the beginning takes place. The idea is not that the event may occur soon, but that when it does, it will be sudden. He sent and signified it by His angel to His servant John : This describes how the message is delivered in the Book of Revelation.

It is a book of signs: the angel sign -ified this message to John. It is a book that communicates in signs. Why does God use so many signs in the Book of Revelation? After all, they have been the main cause of difficulty with the book. Is God playing a game of "guess this mystery?

Not at all. The signs are necessary because John expresses things of heaven, which Paul said he heard with inexpressible words 2 Corinthians John describes things he has seen, so he can only use symbolic images to explain them. To us, this book is prophecy. But to John, he simply recorded history unfolding before him, as he saw it. The signs are also necessary because there is tremendous power in symbolic language. It is one thing to call someone or something "evil" or "bad. Though it is filled with signs, the Book of Revelation is accessible to those who have an understanding of the first 65 books of the Bible, and especially an understanding of the first 39 books of the Bible, the Old Testament.

The Book of Revelation is rooted in the Old Testament. It was His servant John , and the best evidence points to this being the Apostle John, the same writer of the Gospel of John and the books of 1, 2, and 3 John. By His angel : Many of the signs and visions of the Book of Revelation came to John through the supervision of an angel Revelation , , to , are some examples. Who bore witness to the word of God : In this prologue, we see that John knew this book was Holy Scripture, the word of God. We often wonder if the apostles knew they were writing Holy Scripture.

At least in this case, John knew. He knew it was Holy Scripture because he calls it a revelation from God. He knew it came from the Father through Jesus, and not from any mere human. He knew it was the Holy Scripture because he calls it the word of God, as an Old Testament prophet would say. He also calls it the testimony of Jesus Christ. Rev A blessing to the reader and "keeper" of this book. Blessed is he who reads and those who hear the words of this prophecy, and keep those things which are written in it; for the time is near.

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Blessed is he who reads … and keep those things which are written in it : The Book of Revelation offers a particular and unique blessing to those who read and keep the message of this book. This is the first of seven beatitudes of Revelation Revelation , , , , , , and Because they neglect the book Revelation, many people miss this blessing. For example, the Anglican Church virtually omits Revelation in its regular schedule of readings for both public worship and private devotions.

This is a typical attitude towards the Book of Revelation. Many people believe that only fanatics want to dig deep into this book. But really, it is a book for anyone who wants to be blessed. Fortunately, John didn't say that we had to understand everything in the Book of Revelation to be blessed. There are some difficult things in this book, that may only be understood as we look back at fulfilled prophecy. But we can be blessed by reading and hearing even when we don't understand. This promise gives more reasons to know John believed this book was Holy Scripture.

First, the words he who reads and those who hear show that this book was intended to be read publicly, just as other accepted Scriptures. Second, the promise of blessing itself shows that John regard this book as Holy Scripture.

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In the Jewish world, such a blessing could never be pronounced on a merely human book. All of these things together show that beyond doubt, the Book of Revelation claims to be Holy Scripture. A critic can agree or disagree with that claim, but it can't be denied that Revelation makes the claim.


Keep those things which are written in it : The Book of Revelation gives us much more than information for prophetic speculation. It gives us things to keep. If we understand the Book of Revelation, it will change the way we live. He who reads is in the singular. It speaks of one person who reads. Those who hear is in the plural. It speaks of many people hearing. The idea is probably from custom of the early church, where attention was given to the public reading of Scripture, which would often be explained. In our modern way of speaking, John might say "Blessed is the pastor who teaches Revelation, and blessed is the congregation who hears it.

Since so much controversy has risen over the interpretation of the Book of Revelation, it is helpful to understand the four basic approaches to understanding Revelation. Through the centuries, people have approached Revelation in basically one of these four ways:. The Preterist View : This approach believes that Revelation deals only with the church in John's day. In the Preterist approach, the Book of Revelation doesn't predict anything.

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John simply describes events of his current day, but he puts them in symbolic "code" so those outside the Christian family couldn't understand his criticism of the Roman government. In the Preterist view, the Book of Revelation was for then.

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  4. The Historicist View : This approach believes that Revelation is a sweeping, disordered panorama of all church history. In the Historicist approach, Revelation predicts the future, but the future of the "church age" - not the future of end-time events. In the Historicist view, Revelation is full of symbols that describe now. For example, many have wanted to call someone the beast of Revelation chapter 13 , such as the Reformers called the Pope. But they didn't necessarily want to believe that the end was very near.

    So they believed that Revelation spoke of their time, without necessarily speaking to the end times.

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    The Poetic View : This approach believes that Revelation is a book full of pictures and symbols intended to encourage and comfort persecuted Christians in John's day. In the Poetic or allegorical view, the Book of Revelation isn't literal or historic. Revelation is a book of personal meaning. The Futurist View : This approach believes that beginning with chapter four, Revelation deals with the end times, the period directly preceding Jesus' return. In the Futurist view, Revelation is a book that mainly describes the end times.

    Which approach is correct? Each one is true in some regard. The Book of Revelation did speak to John's day. It does say something to church history. And it does have meaning for our personal life. So while elements of the first three approaches have their place, we can't deny the place of the futurist view.

    We can know the Book of Revelation speaks with clarity about the end times because of two central principles drawn from Revelation First, we believe that the Book of Revelation must mean something. This is a book that Jesus gave to show His servants something. It isn't a book of meaningless nonsense. It has a promise of blessing, not a promise of confusion. Secondly, we believe that the Book of Revelation definitely claims to contain predictive prophecy. John made it clear: things which must shortly take place … the time is near. John writes about events that were still future in his day.

    John, to the seven churches which are in Asia: Grace to you and peace from Him who is and who was and who is to come, and from the seven Spirits who are before His throne, and from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the firstborn from the dead, and the ruler over the kings of the earth. To the seven churches which are in Asia : This letter was originally addressed to these seven selected churches of Asia. This was the Roman province of Asia , which is the western part of modern day Turkey. Grace to you and peace : "Grace represents standing; peace represents experience. From Him who is and who was and who is to come : John brings a greeting from God the Father , who is described with this title.

    Him who is and who was and who is to come speaks to the eternal nature of God. It has the idea of a timeless Being, and is connected with the name Yahweh found in the Old Testament Exodus The Greek construction of who is, who was and who is to come is intentionally awkward in the Greek. It seems that John searched for a phrase to communicate the Old Testament idea of Yahweh. It is never enough to just say that God is , or to just say that He was , or to just say that He is to come. As Lord over eternity, He rules the past, the present, and the future.

    Yet it seems that John focuses on God the Father with this title because he specifically mentions God the Son and God the Holy Spirit in the following words of this verse. From the seven Spirits who are before His throne : John brings a greeting from God the Holy Spirit , who is described with this title. The seven Spirits who are before His throne speaks to the perfection and completion of the Holy Spirit. John uses an Old Testament description of the Holy Spirit. The idea of the seven Spirits quotes from the Old Testament.

    Study Guide for Revelation 1 by David Guzik

    It isn't that there are seven different spirits of God, rather the Spirit of the LORD has these characteristics, and He has them all in fullness and perfection. From Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the firstborn from the dead, and the ruler over the kings of the earth : John brings a greeting from God the Son , who is described by who He is and by what He has done.

    Jesus is the faithful witness : This speaks to Jesus' utter reliability and faithfulness to His Father and to His people, even unto death. The ancient Greek word translated witness is also the word for a martyr. Jesus is the firstborn from the dead : This speaks to Jesus' standing as pre-eminent among all beings, that He is first in priority. Firstborn from the dead means much more than that Jesus was the first person resurrected.

    It also means that He is pre-eminent among all those who are or will be resurrected. Jesus is the firstborn among many brethren Romans The use of firstborn does not mean that Jesus had a "birth date" and is therefore a created being, and not God. Rabbis also used firstborn as a Messianic title. Nathan in Shemoth Rabba , cited by Lightfoot in his commentary on Colossians. Jesus is the ruler over the kings. Before the Book of Revelation is over, Jesus will take dominion over every earthly king. At the present time, Jesus rules a kingdom, but it is a kingdom that is not yet of this world.

    In this greeting, with its systematic mention of each Person of the Trinity, we see how the New Testament presents the doctrine of the Trinity. It doesn't present it in a carefully defined, systematic theology kind of way. To Him who loved us and washed us from our sins in His own blood, and has made us kings and priests to His God and Father, to Him be glory and dominion forever and ever.

    To Him who loved us : What a beautiful title for Jesus! When loved is used, in the past tense , it points back to a particular time and place where Jesus loved us.

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    It looks back to the cross. Every believer should be secure in God's love, not based on their present circumstances which may be difficult , but based on the ultimate demonstration of love at the cross. This is worth praising Jesus about! Paul put it like this in Romans : But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us. The work of Jesus on the cross for us is God's ultimate proof of His love for you.

    He may give additional proof, but He can give no greater proof. No wonder many believers are not secure in knowing the love of Jesus towards them! They look to their present circumstances to measure His love. Instead, they need to look back to the cross, settle the issue once for all, and give praise to Jesus, to Him who loved us! William Newell on loved us , in Romans : "It is this past tense gospel the devil hates … Let a preacher be continually saying, 'God loves you, Christ loves you,' and he and his congregation will by and by be losing sight of both their sinnerhood and of the substitutionary atonement of the cross, where the love of God and of Christ was once for all and supremely set forth.

    And washed us from our sins in His own blood : This is what happened when Jesus us loved us at the cross. He washed us - cleansed us from the deep stain of sin, so that we really are clean before Him. If we understand our own deep sinfulness, this seems almost too good to be true. We can stand clean before God - clean from the deepest of stains.

    No wonder the same Apostle John would write, If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness 1 John In His own blood : If there was any other way to wash us from our sins, God would have done it that other way. To wash us in His own blood meant the ultimate sacrifice of God the Son. It wouldn't have been done unless it was the only way. How readily they will enter upon war! But Christ was willing to shed his own blood, to pour out his soul unto death, that we might be saved. Notice the order: first loved , then washed. It wasn't that God washed us out of some sense of duty, and then loved us because were then clean.

    He loved us while we were dirty, but then He washed us. In fact, washing proves love. If you had an old pair of pants, and got them covered in paint, you would only wash them and keep them for two reasons. First, you might wash them and keep them if you were poor. You can't, or won't, spend money on another pair of pants, so you wash them and keep them. Second, you might wash them and keep them if you really loved those old pants. Money isn't the issue. You could go down and buy a new pair of pants any time. But you love that pair so much that you spend the time and the effort to clean them, and use them again.

    God loves us so much that He washed us. God certainly is not poor. With merely a thought, He could obliterate every sinner and start over with brand-new creatures. But He doesn't. He loves us so much that He washed us. There are new data protection laws taking place starting on May 25, that affect users from the European Union. If you are outside of the EU these new data laws do not affect you. Due to these new laws, we are updating our Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. We may require additional consent from you when visiting certain parts of our website. By using our services on or after May 25, , you will be agreeing to these updates.

    Thank you for understanding as we comply with these new EU regulations. We always seek to use your data responsibly. The name of the ancient Greek underworld and the god of that underworld. In modern Christianity, the term hades refers to the abode of the dead, also known as Sheol , or hell, where the dead await judgment.

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    Disclaimer: This article is provided by a third-party source. Providing a third-party article on amazingdiscoveries. Science Deceptions. Media Deceptions. Spiritual Deceptions. A Basis for Conflict. Is there evidence for Creation science? How does it compare to evolution? The following articles give insight in to these questions and more. Flood Chronology.

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    Music is a powerful emotional motivator that crosses cultural and language barriers. Likewise, the messages to the seven churches. The messages all end in a similar way too. Rather than clutter the commentary on each message with repetition, we treat these elements in this separate reference. Explains what it means to spiritualize prophecy. These are all scenes in which songs of praise are sung in heaven.

    These four horses which John saw represent tribulations. The white horse and its rider stands for earthly rule and authority and dominion. Every human being is subject to death. The middle chapters of the Book of Revelation, are visions of woes and troubles, plages and disasters. Not until chapter 19 does the end of sufferings come with victory in Jesus. Outlines seven principles of tribulation. This lesson is about the pit or abyss. They had a sting in their tails like scorpions, and a few other surprises. He would be both king and high priest. Three beasts are among the main characters in the visions of Revelation, the last book of the Bible.

    The Dragon is one of these beasts. In this lesson we study the meaning of these three signs in the visions John received and saw. He blasphemes against God and heaven, and leads the whole world into evil. He makes war against the saints.