Manual James F. Parks Enchanted Forest of Aethelwine

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A legend about the Li family is that those who are the directly descended from rebel Emperor Zhuanxu have a genetic trait noticeable in their feet. The last toe on each foot would be pointing inward a little rather than being straight like the rest of the toes.

In addition, the nail on this foot has two sections, with one section appearing to override the other. Place name, which meant meadow land, fallow land, pasture ground in Old English. There is a Japanese concept that has the same connotation of cute, small, clean that Linda does. It often seems as if teenage girls, who are very kawai themselves, use this word in every other sentence. All of which describe Linda very well. By the way, these are construction barriers at Narita airport in Tokyo.

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Can you imagine such a thing here in the macho USA? Margherita Italian. A tequila margarita looks very like a pearl. From c. Melina was the name of a nymph that cared for the young Zeus. The earliest reference to the name is found in ancient Numidian inscriptions. The town of Nice in France is named for this goddess. It is a fairly common Luo name, and it is derived from Swahili referring to members of the Luo tribe who converted to Islam. The third line is written in kanji and the first character is o little.

The second character is hama beach. Japanese sound laws are such that when you put o and hama together, the pronunciation is obama little beach.

James F. Parks' Enchanted Forest of Aethelwine

This is Obama written in katakana , the alphabet used for foreign names, and it specifically refers to the President and not to the town of Obama. This Oscar is English. The name is first found in Ross-shire where the Pattersons had a family seat from early times and the first mentions come from census rolls taken by the early kings of Britain to determine tax rates for their subjects. Patterson, Paterson, Pattersen, Pattison. Another possible origin: pater father in Latin and son. After his humbling conversion experience, Saul of Tarsus became known as Paul, a man who wrote over half of the New Testament.

Perry was recorded as a surname from the late 16th century in villages near Colchester, Essex, East England, such as Lexden and Copford. I always thought that Pettigrew had a common origin with pedigree. They were able to cause landslides and floods, but their greatest power, if you could call it that, was their appetite.

Piliwale reigned as the titluar chieftain or King of the island of Oahu and all the territories Oahu claimed at the time. His wife was the High Chiefess Paakanilea, descent not known. He is something of a legend in the Hawaiian Islands. Many streets, valleys and other geographical sites there are named for him.

Strong power, strong ruler, strong kingdom. Examples of Rolf or Rollo are to be found in the surviving church registers of the city of London, including Andrieu Rolin Andrew Rollins! Thus, to the Italians Russo calls to mind Slavic tribes who migrated into Italy very early. However that may be, I am still holding out for Russo being at least partially related to Rosso , red. The name is very common in Italy, and it also calls to mind the French name Rousseau. Ruthie, Tootie, Tootsi, Tuti are all variants of Ruth. It became a given name in honor of prominent members of the New York family, such as Philip Schuyler, and so became the given name of Schuyler Colfax, the 17th vice president of the United States.

There are many, many interesting variants of Shane in many, many languages. Iron was a precious commodity in Greece, but you could also make a case for this name meaning Smithson , since a smith is an iron worker. The daughter of a Sidiros would be a Sidiropoulou, but Greeks now keep the same surname over the generations. Papadopoulos , for example, the most common Greek surname, means son of a priest. This can be a given name Stavros or a family name. Both given name and family name are very common in Greece.

Esteban or Estavan in Spanish. Sometimes Steffen and Steven in English. She was especially venerated in Orthodox Christianity, and the name has been common in Russia and Eastern Europe. The name Tatiana was not regularly used in the English-speaking world until the s. Another notable saint by this name was the 13th-century Italian philosopher and theologian Thomas Aquinas, who is regarded as a Doctor of the Church.

Thorstein is most often used as a male name. The name was popular with Christians as a symbol of their belief in eternal life, and was borne by a dozen early saints; it became especially popular in Emilia-Romagna because of two saints, San Vitale of Bologna and Ravenna. Compare Hyams. I have explored the church of San Vitale in Ravenna, a beautiful place. The suffix is -ton, a town.

I would have thought wall town. This is my beautiful mother and she was named for the queen of the Netherlands. See how Pennsylvania made that little portal out to Lake Erie? Croatia has outlets to the Adriatic Sea much narrower than this, maybe a mile in length. Many other ports, Savannah, Boston, were more important at the time, but with a way to get goods over the Appalachians Alleghenies and to Ohio and points farther west, New York City became the dominant Eastern doorway to and from the rest of the country.

I used to sing this song in my folk music days. This printed music, however, is very odd, with B going into C. Both are the same notes. Anyway, I loved this haunting melody and the history embodied in the song. This song is rather like what The Volga Boatman must have been to the Russians. Minor key, strongly pentatonic, a chant, really, primitive, strong, good for keeping time while rowing. This version makes a lot more sense.

I think I used to sing it in D minor. There is a lot of history in songs, all songs. Caro Viaggiatore.

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I put Elise and me in there. I learned how to paint by copying painters before me. Self portraits are invariably serious because the artist is looking so intensely into the mirror. He and Sarah made Adyson Graham who is impossibly beautiful. Meanwhile, farther upstream, the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers are flowing together at Cairo, Illinois. When I think of Florida, I think of the coasts. Sarasota where Elise used to live and Melbourne, home of my brother Stephen and his family.

Elise and I moved into this house where we live now in The Hawaiian archipelago is actually much longer than this, extending some 1, miles over the Pacific. Midway Island, that small two mile long dot there on the globe, is at the northwestern end of the Hawaiian archipelago. It is one third of the way to Tokyo from Honolulu. My family traveled once in a propeller plane that actually refueled at Midway en route to Okinawa.

James Gurley and I lived on the beach at Makena off and on for a couple of years. I wrote the song Maui there. Summer in Alaska, Winter in Maui, not a bad life. Tristan Avakian played guitar with us and Todd Zimberg was on drums. Tristan is now with Jennifer Espinoza in some incredible Queen scene.

A beautiful place. Actually, when you think about it, the whole world is a beautiful place. The banyan tree downtown Lahaina, Maui. This tree just keeps on going and growing. I filled notebooks with them. The Museum still looked a lot like this when I first visited there in James Gurley always called me mon jumeau malveillant , or, when he spoke English, my evil twin.

In the s, he called himself The Archfiend of the Universe , a much more interesting appellation, not necessarily more accurate, just more interesting. Our guitar player on this gig was Mick Taylor, and he did a great job. Veronica Vitti came and sang beautifully. When Chris plays, I always feel like a Klieg light went on somewhere.

Here he is talking to an old friend of mine. She was a very good singer and she played every instrument. It does make it extra collectible, I suppose. How many Cokes have you drunk in your life? Can you imagine anything worse for you? Loaded with sugar and other harmful ingredients. Empty calories. Mark Riley played guitar. Our old road manager John Byrne Cooke came back for this one, and he made everything run smoothly. We had Peter Albin on bass and Spencer Dryden on drums. Big Brother crashed in or I was the only original member in it for a long time, and finally Kathi McDonald and I decided that it was time for a break.

Some of the grim events of the late sixties began to be repeated in a minor key in the seventies. In , there were those horrible assassinations. Later, we moved to Manhattan, first on the Upper East Side with her parents who were wonderful people. I lived in that apartment longer than I have lived anywhere else in my life.

The loudest sound I heard all day long was children playing in the gardens out in back, which was good because the time had come for serious study. I had always read music, but I mainly played by ear and wrote music intuitively. Now I wanted to study composition formally. Frank Wigglesworth, winner of the Prix de Rome, taught me counterpoint , the art of putting two or more independent melodies together so that you can hear them all at the same time.

James Gurley and I had often played two different melodies over the same harmonic background but we had done this by trial and error, of course, notably on Summertime and Hall of the Mountain King , but generally throughout our playing. I now began a classical study of this technique. The top line is the fixed song, the cantus firmus , the original melody, and then you learn how to put a second melody with the first, one note against one note.

Then you learn to put four notes against one and so on until you arrive at a fugue with complex rhythms and four or five voices. The second book I profited from in the study of counterpoint was by Knud Jeppesen who interpreted Fux and put him in a historical context.

Just looking at this book takes me back to that intense time of study. I wrote hundreds of exercises in this discipline. This was a lot of fun and very educational. Something like three dimensional chess perhaps. Or four dimensional, because time, rhythm, is also an essential part of this technique.

The rules for counterpoint are like the rules for perspective in art. They can be a principal or an ancillary study. Some artists, some composers, will make counterpoint and perspective their main focus. I was writing a lot of music at this point, inventions, fugues, string quartets, a symphony that I heard performed exactly once. Sometimes I wrote cereal music, sometimes it was serial music and sometimes it was traditional music. Snap, crackle, pop. I knew a lot of characters in New York. Ronny Sunshine was one of them. Here he is photo bombing the Pope.

Ronny put me on the same bill with Richie and Yoko. This was such a great moment. I walked the streets enjoying the silence.

NPC’s & NPC Generation

I could actually hear conversations four or five floors above me. It made me feel as if I were living a hundred years earlier. There was a camaraderie during this emergency, despite all the alarmist stories one hears. The Tribal Stomp was a big deal.

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I had been living in New York for ten years. Now I was coming home. So, imagine my surprise when everyone said good bye and so long after the gig. They were all going back to their private lives. I had to learn how to paint, sculpt, play the saxophone and do a variety of other activities to keep busy for the next eight years. Pearl was very flamboyant. Pearl was a natural contralto.

I played clarinet in one of the gay day parades up in Seattle, but this one in San Francisco was a whole other thing. We played on a stage right in front of City Hall to thousands of people. I was practicing the saxophone wherever I could. You have to play saxophone loud to learn it. With almost every other instrument there are ways to play quietly. Even with a trumpet, you can mute it. Drummers can work with practice pads. Not saxophone. You simply have to blow into it with passion and dedication for it to work, so saxophonists are notorious for playing in some strange places.

Sonny Rollins practiced on the Brooklyn Bridge. Only bigger, louder, freer, more spacious. I loved Cannonball, his technique, his sense of humor, his precision, his soulfulness, everything about him. Still love him. I decided to form a group of musicians to play some of these three or four hundred ballads and jump tunes from the s, 30s, 40s that I was memorizing on the saxophone. The gig comes first and everything else will flow from that. It took me a long time to learn this. I thought that if you practiced real hard and seriously, then the gigs would come to you.

Uh, uh. You get the gig and practice on the gig. Anyway, we decided not to play that Summer of Love gig, but it started us to thinking, Maybe we should get together again. She has a warm gospel voice right out of Oakland. I was once playing saxophone in the Omni with a cordless set up and I wandered off the stage out into the traffic at this intersection, blowing away. That was fun.

Linda McCartney took this photograph when she was Linda Eastman. Linda and I and quite a few other people became vegetarians at this time, not for our health, as Isaac Bashevis Singer might say, but for the health of the chickens. He was our estimable road manager and has remained a good friend.

A palestra was originally a wrestling school in Greece palaistra. In Italian, the word now means gymnasium. Tastes, feelings, colors, smells, enthusiastic people who were personal, direct and kind, the people we encountered were the opposite of the stereotype of New Yorkers. Yes, folks, there was a time when yoghurt was seen as exotic, something that only a Democrat would eat. I lived in Paris and a friend there was feeding yoghurt yaourt to his baby.

First time I tasted it. Tastier then… and there. We often had it with meals in the student cafeteria at the Sorbonne. Martin Luther King, Jr. King inspired us that night with his sacred words and music. This was a special gig, quite memorable. The weather was beautiful and there was a spirit of togetherness. Well, on a beautiful spring day in , Chet Helms held in his hands two legal tablets full of quirky, eccentric, purposefully puerile names. Or Country Schmo and The Knish. Or Quicksilver Military Service. The Grapefruit Head.

Country Joe and The Fish were a political group, but their name was non political. They should have had our name and we should have had theirs. I had a difficult time driving down off Mount Tamalpais after this gig. Westbury Music Fair on Long Island is another one. When they begin revolving there is a slight jerk that you should be ready for or otherwise you could spill your Bombay martini. The guitar player even copied my mistakes. First time I heard that. You probably cannot see that Janis and I are committing some kind of nefarious act over there under the tree. Rosa Parks helps balance things out a little bit.

Sophia shows up and orders a tripio. In the lobby in London, Ontario. Then, we drive back to Windsor and stay in a hotel right on the Detroit River. There were some truly great blues musicians at this event. It was good to be playing with Ben Nieves again. And other giants of the blues. We did a 75 minute set, which is just about the perfect length. She has a Janis tribute band. Au revoir au Canada. San Rafael, Fourth and C Streets, looking east. John Kane John did this illustration of Janis. The trip lasted maybe an hour and fifteen minutes.

While others might feel a slight bout of panic or claustrophobia. Peter Albin sings Blindman. I loved playing at 89 North. You feel as if there is sand on the floor. Everyone seems to be related and there is a loud camaraderie that is quite engaging. Lynn Asher was uninhibited, happy, having a good time.

And Ben Nieves was his usual shy, retiring self. Thank you to everyone at 89 North but especially to Danielle Filasky… You rocked our world until it was upside down. We hope to see you again soon. Past Armonk, New York. Every town has its church, public house and cemetery. Later we drive to Norfolk, Connecticut, where I get quite a scare.

I meet an old friend Mary Carotenuti and her husband Richard. Good night, everybody! That was a good time. Ed Earley, Sam Andrew Band alumnus from the mid s. Here we are in July of Donna Patterson shot this one. Marc Carmi-Smith played some excellent drum solos. Kurt Huget usually plays guitar, but he was on bass tonight. Always good to see Glenn. Norman Hudson was our host. And Ed Vance played the keyboards. That was a very enjoyable set. Kristina Rehling sang More and she played a beautiful violin on the rest of the tunes.

Prairie Prince sounded so good. Darby Gould sang Black Widow Spider. This was a great moment. I took the rest. Snooky Flowers. Ed Perlstein took this classic photograph. I see Terry Haggerty there. He did some godlike guitar playing. I loved playing with Diana. These stairs were created by local residents and they are beautiful.

It was fun walking around this neighborhood and looking at things old and new. We kept climbing and climbing. There was blue schist, chert, sepentenite, but mostly a lot of Franciscan. This is the way some of the houses up here are supported. Narrow steps going higher and higher. We found the Grandview steps leading still higher. The audacity of Hope. Also, many other animals and even some plants prey upon them. Alex Wild, copyright Other cases show Wasmannian mimicry, normally seen only in inquilines.

The ants and the fungus depend upon each other for survival. Appreciation makes what is excellent in others belong to us as well. A good education will show you how little you know. If you understood everything I say, you would be I… or me. Mistakes in improvised music? There are none. Probably the main duty of the young is to challenge the received notions of the old. A jest is a truth with a melody. Common sense is not so common. I never paint dreams or nightmares. I paint my own reality. Every revolution evaporates and leaves behind only the slime of a new bureaucracy.

Take a deep breath after any outburst of vanity or complacency. It was Sancho Panza. You Greeks are god driven crazy! One of the most beautiful peoples of the kosmos. A stairstep not worn by footsteps is only a boring something made of wood. Begin with what is right rather than what is usual. Women dress for women. Kindness and politeness are not overrated at all. If anything, they are underrated. Characters with no integrity are just as interesting as characters with lots of integrity. The mind and the heart have their own logic but do not often let others in on it.

Watch out how you see yourself, because how you see yourself may be what you are. Name me an emperor who was ever struck by a cannonball. Growth for the sake of growth is the ideology of the cancer cell. I speak Spanish to god, Italian to women, French to men, and German to my goat. A drink a day keeps the shrink away.

Wilderness is not a luxury but a necessity for the human spirit. You have to live with that. I keep reading between the lies. I was born lucky. Forgiveness is good for your health. There are a lot of people in the phone book, but very few ideas. Not one of the first six Presidents of the United States was an orthodox Christian. The best time to buy something is a couple of years ago. Much better to desire than to have. Nothing is ever the same as they said it was. You gotta have swine to show you where the truffles are.

We might be be the holographic image of a two dimensional structure. Tell me about yourself, your struggles, your dreams, your telephone number. I consider your conduct unethical and lousy. All my life my heart has yearned for a thing I cannot name. I consider myself more of a visual comedian than a physical one. Tokyo to Nagoya. The marvelous thing about a double entendre is that it only means one thing. Then bring me my boots. If ten was the perfect score, he needed help in French.

My wife was afraid of the dark. Quanto tempo! One of the fundamental truths about marriage. The wife is in charge. Fine by me. When I was a kid my parents moved a lot, but I always found them. Old is always fifteen years from now. May the forces of evil become confused on the way to your house.

Death is caused by being born. Anyone who says he understands women is missing a lot. Timmy from Lassie. Man does not control his own fate. The women in his life do. Bella questa. Che stelline che siete! What stars you are. Aim high. Hello Kitty will never speak. Marriage is a mistake every man should make. Better to burn out than to rust out. Partnership is the way. Everything that used to be a sin is now a disease. The person who tells you the truth. If you think your life is tough, read a bit of history.

I want the world to be better because I was here. Enjoy the ride.

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People take comedians seriously and politicians as a joke. Know what you are doing. Love what you are doing. Believe in what you are doing. You can learn by travel, by reading or by associating with people who are smarter than you. A holding company is a guy you hand the stolen goods to when the police arrive. Marriages are made in heaven. So are hurricanes. If you love someone, say so. What if, at this very moment, we were living up to our full potential? Not everyone in Hollywood is on the left. Just the smart ones. Quite the opposite, really.

The harder you work, the luckier you get. I started school in Okinawa, Japan, and have never really stopped. Steam punk can be scary. Antea is the Italian version of Anthea. Liz and Elise both have the same name etymologically speaking. Obama-shi Obama city is of course right on the water. Samantha might be from Samuel with the addition of anthos , Greek for flower.

Names are music, full of meaning, rich and potent. Even today transport by barge on the Erie Canal uses a tenth of the fuel of a truck. I bet Ant Knee took this photograph. Liverpool lad pours a Bud in the Sausalito harbor. Sharrie Gomez and I in San Francisco. We really thought we might be electrocuted. Everything was soaking wet. Peggy Pettigrew Stewart created this image. Orlando, where the Carol guitar was stored in a vault for a while, is an inland place. When we played there in Orlando, I took the guitar out of The Vault and put it on stage.

The Musical Instrument Museum near Phoenix. Mujeres floridas. Flowered women. The Vault in Orlando. Double Happiness. Regina and Kacee were with us. Regina is Austrian. Her name means Queen. Vivat Regina! Kate Russo and I passed this one with ease. Chad Quist goes Hawaiian. She lives nearby in St.

James very modestly called himself Saint James. The always inventive Rob Moitoza played bass and Chris Leighton was on drums. Many places in Hawaii are named Piliwale after him. Especially on the Hold Me CD. Cheryl Little Deer made this business card. Elise Piliwale with Sheba.

So, to celebrate the occasion, I threw a party at The Troubadour. Adolfito de la Parra was the drummer. Larry Taylor played bass. Lotus Mahon was with me this weekend which made everything extra special. Linda and David LaFlamme came to the party. Lester Chambers was there with his brothers. Deborah Morrison sang back up with us. Robby Krieger played. Carl Gottlieb was there… … and Howard Hessman. And a cast of thousands. Willie Chambers.

Darby Slick was there. Hey, he wrote a book and a song. Well, many songs actually. Peter Albin playing my guitar. John Byrne Cooke took this photograph. Rich Kirch played guitar. Peter Albin and James St. Can a blue man sing the whites? Some people have made a career out of playing nothing but the pentatonic scale. Alton Kelley, square deal, always real. I went with her and we lived in a little cabin in Grafton, near where this schoolhouse stands.

Bach and M. David Amram, serious composer, showed up at the Wha? Recording at Atlantic. Look at that phone. Patrisha Vestey. Big Brother and the Holding Company would start playing again. We could work with Kathi McDonald and continue some of the good ideas we began after Janis left. James was going back to the desert. Peter was going back to his model shop. There was no interest in doing Big Brother again. I had finished my New York life and left my apartment on the East Coast. Now what to do?

Pearl had more than a little in common with Louis XIV. I begin to sculpt some very large heads. Empty buildings were good. Lots of space, natural reverb, freedom. Playing saxophone seriously, scales, arpeggios, memorizing Charlie Parker solos. This was a long saxophone meditation and it introduced me to some great players. I started making assemblages and hope to get back to that some day. I had the opportunity to hire musicians who were a lot better than I was.

I learned that if you get the gig, you can get the musicians and the audience. That way, if he has a use for them later, he can throw in the extras when recapping the description, which can only help add depth for the players later. When this happens, the GM should transfer the information from the sheet for the lesser form to a sheet for the greater grade and then finish adding the additional information. The old sheet should then be stapled or paper-clipped behind the new sheet. When a NPC starts getting less and less use and its role falls off to that of a lower grade, the GM should just let it stay where it is in his filing system.

This is as it should be. The GM needs to have a feel for how rare both the high and low scores are. If the game runs long enough, it is quite possible that the GM will exhaust the number of above and below average characters PC and NPC that should occur according to statistical probability. The GM will have a great deal of latitude if he is careful about age ranges, because these statistics apply separately to each generation. For the purposes of the game a generation will be considered about 15 years, rather than 20 as is common today.

He will also have more latitude in regards lower above average scores, due to their greater occurrence. This is the same principle that is applied in determining demographics between the different races, based on the overall populations, in Chapter 2 of Part II. This applies to EACH generation, though. When the character reaches the age of , his own generation will be about the business of bearing the next. High or low scores can run in families in particular attributes, though it were probably best not to have it equally high in every generation.

The GM can always fudge the demographics. They are the ones the average scores are meant to represent. These can be found on the tables recapped above from Chapter 4. If a NPC is supposed to have knowledge or skill in a particular trade, the GM should look up that trade to find the attribute s governing its use and determine if the NPC will have any sort of natural talent for it, according to his attribute score s. Otherwise he will be well and truly average. Scores will be important only for those attributes which will see use in play.

Since the incidence of higher or lower than average scores for a given race is the same for all races across the board, this process can be followed for all equally. If the GM determines that the NPC will see combat, that is one of the few reasons to go through the trouble of generating scores and skills. There is one that is provided so the GM can keep track of several on a page. Each of successively greater skill and better armor. To provide some individuality, there are simple variations of armoring the GM can use on the group Record Sheets..

Because they will usually only be created at need, the GM should start the character with all the requisite attributes at 14 or racial average, whichever is greater, before checking the d10 to determine if the scores will be any higher. Alternately, if he has no specific skills or trade in mind, the GM may roll a d10 and on the result of a 1 pick one attribute to raise the score for. This should be open-ended, so every 1 the GM rolls in succession will indicate another score which will be above average.

The GM should roll for above average scores first, and below average after, stopping when the dice indicate an end to the open-ended roll a number other than 1 or 10 being rolled or all attributes have been accounted for, whichever occurs first. The GM should follow the procedure described above for determining how much above average a given score will be, and the same for determining how far below average as well. By using the mass minor NPC record sheet in the back of the book. This might strike some as highly improper, but to be quite honest, if the GM is doing his job and keeping his preparations to himself, just how are the players to know?

If there are foreigners in the party, whatever language they hold in common should be assumed. On the other hand, they might be curvaceous, voluptuous or lush, plumpy or well-rounded. The range of adjectives regarding thinness also expresses a descending degree of muscularity, as well, of which the GM should also be conscious when using the superlatives.

That is what the assessment skills of Perception of the Courtier, the Merchant, and the Rogue are for. But time will also be a factor. The shorter the time, the more basic and abbreviated the description before the encounter begins or the opportunity to begin it passes by. The primary point is that the GM should never allow himself to be drawn into revealing specific scores for attributes to the players in response to their questions on physical appearance just because it is an easy short-cut. AWA is critical for catching important details and to allow the character always to be on his toes, difficult at best to surprise.

BTY and CHM are important not only for charming information out of others, but for exercising leadership under pressure also. Although some races will have higher or lower ranges in some attributes, all the races are compared on the basis of the human standard. The human average for almost all attributes will be Those below 13 will be noteworthy for the opposite reason.

The GM must make sure that the scores reflect what he intends for each NPC for whom he generates them. This should explain what the physical statistics mean in more visual terms. The taller a character who has only average STR and CND is, the longer, bonier, and lankier that character will appear. Of course, a character of average STA and STR with a high CND may also appear thin, but this will due to the fact that his muscles will be longer and leaner with more definition, made for endurance.

High STR provides big muscles, of course, but without a good CND score: they will be smooth, and only the divisions between major muscle groups will be: visible. The shorter the character of high STR is, the larger the muscles will appear. Players trying for the bodybuilder-barbarian look will need high STR for muscle bulk, but also high CND for high definition, and shorter than average height for their race, as well as a couple inches shorter than average for their STA score.

Half-trolls, half-ogres, and dwarf characters are thick by nature, Medium-Heavy to Heavy in Build to start with, so following these tactics will yield almost cartoonish results — if that is what the GM is looking for. From here there are several things that can be observed of the NPC on casual approach. In the cases of the lower clergy station results and mid to lower landbound stations, the results are more ambiguous and the GM should roll on the NPC Fortunes table. If the GM has no preference, he can roll on the table provided for that purpose also, as follows. From here, or when he has no such point of reference in describing an NPC, the GM actually has more freedom to work up character appearance.

The General Appearance table is fairly self-explanatory. Every class and station has its rising and falling stars, those at the top of that level and those just barely maintaining a hold on remaining within it, their glory days past. The low incidence of such marks allows them to retain their value. Some of the entries on the following tables have superstitious significance. Those with a single brow and especially those who are also hirsute are commonly attributed with lycanthropy — werewolves. Having eyes of two different colors is commonly believed to signify the power of the Evil Eye.

The GM will note that, in the case of such deformities as the slit nostril and missing body parts like fingers and toes, noses and ears, arms and legs, it is most likely the NPC has seen the rougher side of the law. If it is a product of an accident, it is likely the NPC will carry a placard or royal warrant attesting to the accidental nature of the injury. There is no PC on which to base all the ages of everyone in the family. On the lines reading across from the names of the races are the span of years for each category, and underneath each is the number of dice to be rolled to achieve a number in that range.

To get the age scores indicated above the dice quoted on the table, simply subtract the minimum yield of the dice from the minimum age in the span for the category. The result should be added to the result of the dice as a base to make the result fall within the range quoted for the category. This will provide the ages of those who are older. The same done in reverse, subtracting the die rolls in turn, will yield the ages of the younger siblings. IF the character is dwarfish the result of the d5 should be multiplied by 6; if he is elfin, multiply by 15; if dunladdin or irdanni, multiply by 2.

For the ages of the parents at their wedding , the GM will need to determine first the age category, accepting only results of Adolescent, Adult, or Middle Age. To this should be added either a d5 again to determine how long after their first child was born. With their unlimited lifespan and immunity to disease, elfs can live any length of time the GM can imagine. In some cases, the parents of large families, especially those in which the PC is among the youngest, may well have died already, the eldest son having already assumed the reins of the family estate or business, or near death.

It is always fun to know where the aunts, uncles, cousins, nieces and nephews are. It is likely that there will be a great deal of family within a mile radius. This is where the GM will find directions for implementing the effects of age, the slow deterioration of the physical faculties, and sometimes mental, as well. Unless the GM already has definite plans or a strong concept already that defines this aspect of the NPC, it will be important to determine his or her marriage status when a NPC is of the Adolescent or Adult age category or older.

When a NPC is married, the PC party may not just be dealing with the NPC himself but his family brothers, sisters, nieces, nephews, wife and children, cousins , as well. New widows can be implacable enemies, and their families after them should they be disposed of. The GM will need to have these details ahead of time if the NPC is important enough to warrant it, OR be ready to fly by the seat of the pants if the players catch him unawares and suddenly start focusing on some NPC the GM had not thought particularly notable.

Because the quality of life and its dangers, multiple marriages and sets of children were not uncommon due to death from disease, accident, misadventure, or childbed for women. Common law marriages were common indeed among the free and landbound common classes, and just as easily abandoned when love faded. If the GM has any preferences for this aspect of his NPC, he should just make the decision and jot down the details, otherwise he will need to determine this information. If the NPC is married, the GM will want to check and see how many times, and perhaps think about what brought the other marriages to an end annulment through the Church, disease, accident, misadventure, murder, etc.

Rolling the percentage or less on d indicates the NPC either is or was married. Once it has been established that the NPC is or was married, the GM will need to know the status of that marriage and how many times the NPC has been married, if even more than once. It is always good to have the details in order. IF the NPC is of the Adolescent category in age and human, wulver, or pumathar, the GM should assume that this is his first marriage, if the GM determines he is married.

The NPC must have had the time to have had multiple marriages. If a 5 is rolled for the first die, the GM should again, open-ended, adding one 1 to the result for each 5 rolled, stopping when he fails to roll a 5. IF the NPC has had multiple marriages, the GM should check to see if there are any children from each of those unions. The GM should put a practical limitation on the number of children per marriage of no more than one per year of the marriage, although that number could conceivably be exceeded if the husband were sleeping with other women.

It was not uncommon for some great men, especially in the Church, to sire as many as 60 bastards in their hey days. The household of every noble and free commoner of extensive means will be divided into spheres of influence or responsibility called departments. In lesser, common households, however, that will not be practical nor will it be appropriate.

Appearances and dignity of station must be maintained. The noble lord will usually have two stewards, one to deal with the castellarium estates, and the other to tend to the domestic needs of the lord and his household. His military retainers will include household knights rare during the period of the game, unless the knight is filling a household staff position , castle guardsmen, squires, the Watchman who is also responsible for the internal security of the household , the Porter who keeps the doors and is responsible for controlling the traffic in and out of the house, also called a Doorward and various men-at-arms who also have domestic functions.

Each child in the noble or wealthy household will have a wet-nurse, who more often than not will remain in attendance as a sort of chaperone or governess and personal maid after the child is weaned. Older children will have teachers or Magisters, professional scholars with teaching credentials from a Church university. Teachers of noble children will be private tutors required also to accompany their charges everywhere, as chaperones. The greater nobles usually hire a separate master for each child to see to his education and safeguard his well-being, but less lofty households might have a single master for the girl children and another for the boys, or just one for the lot, stressing more their education and having the nurses help in chaperoning the children about.

The household of the Lord of Eresby is considered an average example of a baronial household. It consisted of some 40 persons, broken down in the household departments, as follows :. Where an office is filled with two officials, one will usually accompany the nobleman on progress when he travels and the other will remain at the primary residence.

After she died, he scaled back the staff and lived more simply. Though late in period for our general purposes and the lack of enumeration of the specific positions filled by the household members, it is still helpful to look at the make-up of the household of the 5th Earl Shrewsbury. The GM can still see the large portion of staff that Shrewsbury drew from gentle country families, likely related to him or just in the surrounding area dependant on him.

Still late in period , though earlier than the Shrewsbury example, the staff of the household of the influential Earl Marshal later created the 2nd Duke of Norfolk is a little more specific in a different way, and can also help shed light on the domestic staff of the upper nobility. The GM will note the presence of a small hand of minstrels kept in the household. This a mark of great distinction, to keep such a band on staff in the household to entertain when the mood strikes and to entertain and impress guests.

These officers are essential to the smooth functioning of the large household staffs. All wealthy and noble households will reflect the structure of the royal household as far as the dignity of their estates demand and their purses will allow. This should give the GM an idea of the range in the number of household staff such differences in station and wealth entail.

How conscious will they be of their names and reputations? This may seem frivolous to some, BUT domestic staff is the one resource from which all the wealthy and noble draw their guards and the bully-boys who enforce their pleasure. Landed nobles of the rank of Lord baron or higher are required as a condition of the act of homage and oaths of fealty sworn on assuming their estates and titles to maintain a number of knights which they must outfit and bring along with them when summoned by the king in time of war.

This is the price of their estates, their wealth, position, and privilege. These knights are kept either in their own halls and supported as retainers in the household, or sub-infeudated on manors out of their own estates to support themselves. The whole gameworld cannot be made up of wandering adventurers and their foes and one exciting adventure after another without cease.

The greater part of the world must be concerned with mundane things like ploughing, sowing, and hoeing to grow the grain to make the bread on which all subsist, and the harrowing of the fields, the reaping in late summer, care and breeding of livestock, butchering it when it cannot be supported through the lean months of winter, cooking, trading handicrafts or produce of the family farm for household needs, and keeping their houses clean. Furniture is an expensive commodity, and even the noble and royal families cart their favorite pieces along with them from place to place on their travels.

Except for a few pieces, especially the monumentally large, ornate, and heavy, all residences not being occupied are left essentially empty. Glass windows are carried about from place to place and installed in each residence occupied, in turn, to provide the lords with light.

Wood shutters are used to fill and close the spaces in their absence. Thus, the king and his nobles are saddled with many carts and horses to carry their things from place to place. This makes their travel excruciatingly slow, especially in inclement weather, and thereby that much more dangerous, since they carry with them their wardrobes and select pieces of their favorite jewelry, as well, and the pack beasts must be kept in working shape, so a sufficient supply of oats must be carried, too.

When travelling, the king and his nobles are required by custom to display their high position by travelling with a retinue. Combined with the members of the household staff with which the king or nobleman also travels, the servants, retainers, entertainers, courtiers, knights, and nobles he brings along to carry his baggage, to serve him, and for company.

It must be, for the entire royal court must accompany the king. Even the personnel of the Chancery department of the government ride along with the king. When not engaged in accompanying the king on his travels, their chief duty, many of these guardsmen might be told off assigned throughout the household to guard the entrances to various offices and departments, especially the Wardrobe and Exchequer and those in which the goods and supplies of the royal household were kept i. Regardless of where they stand duty and despite the fact that they never serve any domestic function at all, these men will always be accounted members of the household.

Twice a year the messengers carried writs to the sheriffs, covering the whole of the realm in about 15 days. Since the business of the Chancery is paper-shuffling from office to office and official to official to keep the work of the government going, the Chancellor keeps his own staff of messengers, too. Such messengers are common to noble households of every rank.

Bernard Cornwell: Biography (short)

When the guards and household men are outfitted for war their number is greater than , closer to In addition to the men in the household itself, many of the officers of the household, being men of means by royal patronage, will also be required to provide their own retinues to the king by custom when his majesty raises arms to ride out on campaign. This might vary a little from one occasion to the next, but the parameters are pretty clear as to what was expected from the retinues supplied for three campaigns by two officials of the Kings Wardrobe, as follows.

The maximum retinue allowed a Keeper of the Wardrobe was 6 knights and 22 esquires, historically. This particular Keeper apparently felt confident enough of his dignity and reputation that be preferred not to. The Cofferer of the Wardrobe will have a retinue of 5 or 6 squires to contribute, too.

When mustered with the obligatory retinues of the officers, the household might yield a mounted force of greater than , or when including footmen in household pay. This might comprise only one battle of a half-dozen in a larger, more important conflict, such as a full-scale war of conquest or over the location and maintenance of borders.

A Parliamentary writ of recorded the following retinue of a knight banneret:. But in the households of the nobility, sergeants and yeomen will all be men the nobleman might take with him on campaign to fight, as well, for whom he would keep war harness in his private armory to outfit in such circumstances. The retinues quoted for these men are similarly composed of dependant nobles and household men.

The delineation of households et al. The figures in the above passages on households, retinues, and the like should provide the limits for the total resources on which the Bad Guys can draw. The GM should keep this in mind when drawing up the ranks of the Bad Guys in designing his adventures and campaigns. The men of the garrisons of castle and fortified towns will each have a fixed allotment of food for their meals. This could consist of bacon and herrings, cheese and beans, bread, and either beer or wine each day.

On 22 of his 40 days of service, he was also allowed 5 herrings and an extra ration of cheese and oatmeal. Only Knaves, outlaws, and shameless brigands disregard these conventions, and the GM should be sure to observe them and leave the exceptions solely to those sorts of dangerous, unsavory characters. To give the GM an idea. This should also do much to give a proper appreciation for the value of money and the various types of gear the characters will encounter. This should also give the GM a leg up on determining the values of booty as rewards for PC adventures, and also an idea of the various forms such booty can take, but more about that in Chapter?

Obviously, the serfs and other landbound classes are the poorest, aside from the crippled and homeless wandering beggars. These poor farm folk serfs may have a pair of actual leather shoes to wear when celebrating on holidays, going barefoot or in sandals from spring through fall, but often having to resort to wrapping rags about their feet in the winter to protect them as well as they may from the freezing winds, the snow and the ice. They may have a cloak which might have to serve double-duty as a blanket, and may or may not actually own the tools with which they work the land.

The smoke drifts up to a vented lantern that sits on the rooftree and filters out through the thatching covering the roof, which also helps keep rodents out and pests from lodging there. The farm they work for their own benefit may be u small as five acres, or as large as 15 acres. If the lord were to allow such a thing, who would work his fields?

Of course, fortunes can vary. For bordars and especially villeins, this is the bottom of the ladder. Most of their numbers, particularly the villeins, do much better than this. There may be bordars or villeins who actually do well, who manage their goods and affairs cautiously and have rich land that yields good crops more often than not.

These may be as well-off as any freeman farmer, lacking only their rights, very likely hoarding their wealth in the hopes of one day buying their freedom from the lord, but those stashes are more likely to buy license to put their children to apprenticeships in some craft, or into the clergy. The average free villager had one or two cows or one to five sheep. Herds of livestock will be owned by the well-to-do villeins, freeholders freemen , and wealthy noble and ecclesiastical lords. Fortunes can vary, however. Those farmers who have more land stand to make a better living.

The average freeman farmer will own his house and land where the landbound do not , though he may have had some help in medieval custom in setting the materials to keep it in good repair, gorse, sedge. The house will usually be all of timber, or have only an upper storey of wattle and daub over one end reached by a steep, narrow staircase. The family bed chamber is usually in a loft under the eaves, accessed by another cramped staircase or a ladder.

The wealthier freemen may have a cellar of stone or brick with upper floors of timber, and a true fireplace and chimney. Those with the money to employ others in their households will be well aware of their financial obligations to their dependants. Such service pays well. Common servants might get anywhere- from 1d. To be a student at one of the university schools requires an income from family or patron, including room and board, clothing, and books, so generally only the well-to-do could afford to send their sons.

The wages of the laborers is relatively low due mostly to the intermittence of their employment. Many freeman farmers had other occupations that they pursued when they had time between the work in the fields. A village bedell, reeve or a good dairyman could bring in 5s. A carter might. The following schedule of incomes sets down the relative income levels of people at various levels of service, so the GM can see who are in the same income range, who will be rubbing elbows with whom.

Some wages vary as the duties change. Sometimes the means of payment was tied to a customary yearly gift such as robes and shoes rated at a customary value which could be discharged either in coin or gift of goods, as indicated in the note for sergeants referring to victuals, lodging, robe and shoe money on the table above. The customary pay for the constable of a castle is c. Household officers in baronial households might get 2d.

A manor bailiff could get anywhere from 10s. The higher the rank of the employer, the greater the prestige of the employment and the greater the wage, to stay in line with the requirements of that social dignity. Among the clergy, a chaplain, living in the cradle of the Church, housed by it or by the noble lord in whose house he serves, and with but few expenses of his own, might receive 1d. Priests serving under charter to perform religious services regularly at a bridge chapel in the country oou1d get. The Bishop of Hereford held 23 manors in , some land in two other shires, fisheries on a major river, and two fine town houses in two cities, one in Worcester and one in London.

His household numbered 30 to 40, the equal of any great baron or earl. Bishop Odo of Bayeux, half-brother to William the Conqueror, held manors across 20 shires in England. William retained 1, manors in the royal hand after giving out parcels as rewards to the noblemen among his troops. Roger de Lacy, Constable of Chester and Earl of Lincoln, was one of the wealthiest men in England with an annual income of c. The palatine earldom of Leicester, of the Earl of Lancaster, actually consisted of five earldoms.

By increasing the efficiency with which those estates were run she could easily increase her allowance. Ultimately, in the medieval view, land is the ultimate wealth. Usually these manors or estates will be centered in one locality, clustered together in the same general region of a shire. If the NPC is a Lord, they will belong to the castellarium of his honour, his castle and principle residence. This is the district where he holds the right of justice. If they have no lord and no battles to fight in to earn their bread, they may be restricted to traveling the tourney circuit.

A poor knight might not even be able to afford to stable his horse, might be forced to borrow until the next opportunity arises to ply his craft of war for profit, or turn brigand. A landed knight, or knight banneret, will never hold a castle-feof or lordship. It is the castle-feof that separates the titled greater nobility, the lords, from the gentry, those who are noble only by dint of their knightly blood.

The basic feof of a knight is a manor. The standard feof or manor-estate considered sufficient to support an otherwise untitled knight banneret in proper dignity is acres, of which he might keep as little as 15 acres in his own hand in the demesne, letting the rest out for the rents from tenants. To determine the number of manors a knight holds, roll a d5. The number resulting will be the total number of manors he will hold. At the upper end of gentle landed wealth, the estate of one country gentleman, Thomas Mauduit, was comprised mainly of two manors, including two parts of a.

The major factor that distinguishes greater nobles, or Lords, from those who are knights alone are their castle-feofs, or lordships.

Product details

A greater noble may actually hold a number of lordships, starting with one 1. This will also be the source of his title and will be the largest of his castles and the most palatial in its amenities. For example, the chief castle of lord Langwash should be Castle Langwash. All other castles the lord holds will be smaller, subsidiary ones of a purely military nature, designed and situated so as to support the main castle in the defense of the region in which they are located.

These other castles will be of the nature of smaller, simpler strongholds which will be strategically located according to the topography of the feof in order to best defend it from outsiders, or to pacify it in times of internal strife. Each castle will be supported by its castellarium, a.

To determine the number of places contributory to the castellarium, the GM should roll 5d5. On the roll of a d10, results of 1 to 8 indicate a village, while results of 9 or 10 indicate a manor. For each village, the GM should then roll a d10, results of 4 to 10 indicating the village will have a manor governing it. Those containing no manor will be members of a manor actually located in another village. For each manor, the GM should then roll a d10, results of 4 to 10 indicating the manor will have a village attached to it. The ratio of manors to villages should be roughly 1 : 4 when the GM is done with this process.

The results can be fudged in that direction if the GM thinks it necessary. Like the honour of other nobles, the fiscs will be governed from castles, but these will be royal castles, which will have a more national character and importance to them, in that there will be at least one for every shire in the kingdom, located in or near the chief borough of the shire.